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Cleome gynandra - Ajagandha

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Cleome gynandra 2.jpg

Ajagandhā a strong smelling, somewhat foetid herb. It grows upto 0.6 - 1 m tall. It can found abundantly throughout warmer parts of India.


Mouth sores, Bleeding piles, Leucorrhoea, Mild diabetes, Cough, Physical weakness, Ulcer, Urinary trouble, Snakebite, Infection in intestine.

Parts Used

Seeds, Stem, Leaves, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Fixed oil, essential oil, oleoresin, Carotenoids, Cardiac glycosides, Cyanogenic Glycosides, Flavonoids, Saponins, Triterpenes, sugars, Tannins etc.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Naram bele Soppu, Nayeetulasi
Hindi Hulhul, Hurhur, Kavalia
Malayalam Atunari vela
Tamil Nal valai, Nal velai
Telugu Vaminta, Vayinta
Marathi Tilvan, Bhatvan, Mabli, Tilavana, Tilvant
Gujarathi Talvani, Dhelitalavan
Punjabi Bugra
Kashmiri Gandi Buti
Sanskrit Pashughandha
English Dog Mustard


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Sheeta (Cold)


Katu (Pungent)


Kaphahara, Vatahara, Deepana, Hridya



Annual Erect



Kind Shape Feature
Digitate Alternate Leaf Arrangementis Alternate-spiralLeaves digitately 5-7 foliate; leaflets 5 x 2.5 cm, obovate; petiole 3-15 cm.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 1.5 cm across White 5 Flowering throughout the year and In terminal and/or axillary pseudoracemes calyx lobes unequal, glandular, pubescent; petals long clawed, spreading; stamens 6, attached to the long gynandrophore; ovary glandular.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 3-4 cm long terete, glandular, tip discoid. Seeds upto 5 Fruiting throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Seed - surface sow or only lightly cover the seed in spring in a greenhouse. The seed usually germinates in 5 - 14 days at 25.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Open areas, Waste places, Cultivated and Uncultivated land.

Photo Gallery


External Links