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Ballota nigra - Black horehound

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Ballota nigra

Ballota nigra (black horehound) is a perennial herb of the family Lamiaceae. It is native to the Mediterranean region and to central Asia, and it can be found throughout Europe. It is also naturalized in Argentina, New Zealand, and the Eastern United States. It blooms in the Northern Hemisphere from May to August.

Uses

Nervous dyspepsia, Travelling sickness, Morning sickness in pregnancy, Arthritis, Gout.

Parts Used

Flowers.

Chemical Composition

Ballota nigra contains diterpenoids like marrubiin, ballonigrin, ballotinone, ballotenol and 7-acetoxymarrubiin. Also, it contains phenylpropanoids that have shown to be antioxidants[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Avarike
Hindi Tarwar
Malayalam
Tamil Avarai
Telugu Taṃgēḍu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Aaavartaki
English Avaram senna


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Perennial herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
opposite decussate range from oval-lanceolate to heart-shaped, with crenate or dentate border. Leaves, dark green and usually pubescent, measure 3–8 cm per 2–6 cm, and have 1–3 cm petiole. Upper face is wrinkled, with a net-like vein patter

.[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
bisexual length 9–10 mm, width 7 mm purple to withish, pink Ovary is superior, with a single white style and a 2-parted stigma Flower has an actinomorphic calyx, made up by five sepals fused together in a tube with five teeths

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
cylindrical to ovoid 2 mm long Each fertilized flower produces a tetrad of black nutlets The basal end is flat and attached to the receptacle, while the top end is rounded or pointed. 12-20 seeds {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Waste ground, Hedgerows, Shady places, Preferring nitrogen-rich, Moist

Photo Gallery

References

External Links