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Azima tetracantha - Trikantajata

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Trikantajata, Azima tetracantha

Trikantajata is a much-branched, spiny, evergreen shrub growing from 0.5 - 3 metres tall. Usually erect with arching branches, the plant sometimes adopts a more climbing habit. The spines are axillary, in pairs up to 4cm long. The plant is harvested from the wild mainly for local use as a medicine.

Uses

Brochitis, Cough, Asthma, Diabetes, Diarrhea, Arthritis [1]

Parts Used

Whole plant

Chemical Composition

The leaves contain the alkaloids azimine, azcarpine and carpine. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada aesagale maale, bilee uppina gida, ganjimullu, yagachi mullu
Hindi kanta-gur-kamai
Malayalam sankunkuppi
Tamil ancirikacceti, anji, atiyamam, cankakiranam, mulluchangu, kandagachangam
Telugu mundla kampa, puttu, tella uppi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit kantangur, kundali, trikantajata
English

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Madhura (Sweet)

Guna

Laghu (Light)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Madhura (Sweet)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite spine axillary, usually 4, straight, to 2.5 cm, grooved, branchlets tetragonous, pubescent. Leaves opposite, 3 x 2 cm, ovate, mucronate, base obtuse, margin thickened, coriaceous, nerves 3 pairs near the base; petiole to 5 mm.

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
unisexual axillary and terminal spike Pale yellow 4 10 cm long; flowers clustered, white, unisexual; bracts 2 x 1 mm, ovate, mucronate, pubescent; calyx 1 mm, campanulate, bilobed, pubescent; petals 4, 2 x 1 mm, oblong; stamens 4, free, alternating with petals, filaments 1 mm, anthers 1 mm, pistillode absent.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A globose berry 0.5 - 1 cm 1–2-seeded, green turning white, with persistent stigma Seeds disk-like, brown to black. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Season to grow

Soil type

Propagation

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links