Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Anamirta cocculus - Garalaphala

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Garalaphala, Anamirta cocculus

Garalaphala is a large, dioecious climbing plant. These stems scramble over the ground and twine into other plants for support. The plant is not usually cultivated, but is often harvested from the wild for its medicinal uses.


Ulcer, Inflammation, Skin diseases, Bronchitis, Cough.[1]

Parts Used

Fruits, Leaves

Chemical Composition

The leaves and fruit contain picrotoxin (up to 5%) and alkaloids. Picrotoxin (sesquiterpene glycoside) is a powerful poison and nerve stimulant. Picrotoxin at 20 mg is toxic, and two to three berries are lethal. (Francis Brinker.) [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Chippula kaayi, Garuda phala, Haenu beeja, Kaage maari
Hindi Kakmari
Malayalam Nanjukuru, kantakakonnuveli, Karantakam
Tamil Kakamari, Kakanacam, Kakkai kolli, Muratayam, Nancukkottai, Pen kottai
Telugu Kaaka maari, Kaaki chempa, Koditige, Thippathige
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Dhvankshanakhi, Garalaphala, Kakadani, Kakamari, Kakanashika, Kakaphala, Raktala
English Fish berry



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Teekshna (Strong)


Ushna (Hot)



Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate 20-25 x 15-19 cm, glabrous, broadly ovate, apex acute, base truncate, margin entire; 5-ribbed, coriaceous; petiole 8-13 cm long.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Large drooping panicles on old branches 9 Sepals 6 in 2 rows, 3 x 2 mm, ovate, yellow. Petals absent. Stamens 9, combined into a globose staminal column, anthers sessile; staminodes 9 in female flowers, obovate, scaly. Carpels 3, free; style absent; stigma recurved.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A drupe 1 cm Obliquely ovoid, gibbous, black, smooth; seeds 1, black, glabrous. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Season to grow

Soil type


Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery


External Links