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Alstonia scholaris - Saptaparna, Doddapala

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Doddapala, Saptaparna

Alstonia scholaris is a medium to large stately tree, growing to about 40 metres tall with a somewhat tessellated corky grey to grey-white bark. Saptaparna consists of stem bark of Alstonia scholaris (Lin) a tall evergreen tree, found in the Sub-Himalayan tracts ascending to 900m from Jammu eastwards and western peninsula mostly in deciduous forests.[1]

Uses

Chest Pain, Headache, Stomachache, Gastric problems, Fever, Skin diseases, Intestinal worms,Diabetes, Vomiting.

Parts Used

Latex

Chemical Composition

Principal constituents of leaf, barks of stems and roots are indole alkaloids, picrinine, nareline, akuammicine, scholarine, strictamine, tetrahydroalastonine, detamine, echitenine, echitamine etc.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Maddale, Hale, Eleyalaga
Hindi Chhativan, Satawana
Malayalam Daivaphal, Ezilampala
Tamil Ezilampalai
Telugu Edakula Ponna
Marathi Satveen
Gujarathi Saptaparna, Satvana
Punjabi Sathi, Satanna
Kashmiri Kath
Sanskrit Saptacchada, Saptaparni, Saptaahva
English Dita


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta, Kashaya

Guna

Sara, Snigdha

Veerya

Ushna (heat)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Anulomana, Deepana, Jvaraghna, Kushaghna, Raktashodhaka, Tridoshaghna

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Obovate; Elliptical Foliar Shape(s) is Non-Palm Foliage

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Small, inconspicuous Cream / Off-White, Green Flowering Habit is Polycarpic, Flower Symmetry is Radial

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple Fruit Fruit Type is Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Follicle) Mature Fruit Colour is Brown

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Succeeding in reasonably moist lowland tropical and subtropical areas, it is found at elevations from sea level to around 900 metres [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Notophyll vine forests, Palm-dominated forests, Coastal region.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. THE AYURVEDIC PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA, PART-I, VOLUME-1, page no 129.
  2. "Chemical Constituents"
  3. "plant morphology"
  4. "Cultivation details"

External Links