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Ziziphus mauritiana - Common jujube

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Badarah, Ziziphus mauritiana

Badarah is a much branched thorny tree that grows in the drier parts of India. The fruits are enjoyed by animals and man alike.


Relieves constipation, Relieves excessive thirst, Improves digestion strength, Nasal bleeding, Gastric, Blood disorders, Diarrhea [1]

Parts Used

Seeds, Roots, Fruits[2].

Chemical Composition

Twelve compounds were isolated from the seeds of Ziziphus mauritiana and identified as betulinic aldehyde (1), betulinic acid (2), ceanothic acid (3), frangufoline (4), spinosin (5), beta-sitosterol (6), daucosterol (7), daucosterol-6'-octadecanoate (8), sucrose (9), docosanoic acid (10), stearic acid (11), palmitoleic acid (12).[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಬೋರೇ Bore, ಎಲಚಿ Elachi
Hindi Bara-bor, Kath ber,
Malayalam Chirimullu, Ilanta
Tamil Ilandai, Elandai
Telugu Regi, Regu-pandu
Marathi Boor
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Karkandhu, Kola
English Indian Jujube



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet), Amla (Sour)


Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Oily)


Sheeta (Cold)



Kapha, Pitta, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Distichous; stipular spines solitary or in pairs, straight or one of them recurved; nodes slightly enlarged around the leaf scars.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Axillary cyme Bisexual Greenish-yellow 5 15-20 flowered dense cymose axillary fascicles, Flowering season is November-March


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 1 x 0.5 cm Oblong-globose, yellow or orange when ripe; 1-2-celled Seeds 1 or 2, compressed Fruiting season is November-March

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Ajamamsa rasayana, Panchamla tailam, Dhanvantara taila, Dhanvantari gritha[2]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Storage of the seed for 4 months to let it after-ripen improves germination. If facilities are available, stratification in sand for 60 - 90 days at 5°c is recommended. Scarification, extracting the seed from the stone, and treating it with sulphuric acid has also been recommended. To germinate, seeds need full sunlight. Seed should germinate in 3 - 4 weeks when the seed is left in stone, quicker if it is cracked, and only 1 week if it is carefully extracted. [6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Dry deciduous forests.

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. 2.0 2.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.112, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  3. Referred by Library of National Medicine article.
  4. Vernacular names
  5. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 398
  6. Cultivation details

External Links