Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Difference between revisions of "Ziziphus mauritiana - Common jujube"

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(References)
(References)
 
(3 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 48: Line 48:
  
 
==List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used==
 
==List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used==
 
+
* [[Ajamamsa rasayana]]
 +
* [[Panchamla tailam]]
 +
<ref name="Ayurvedic preparations"/>
  
 
==Where to get the saplings==
 
==Where to get the saplings==
Line 56: Line 58:
 
==How to plant/cultivate==
 
==How to plant/cultivate==
  
===Season to grow===
+
Storage of the seed for 4 months to let it after-ripen improves germination. If facilities are available, stratification in sand for 60 - 90 days at 5°c is recommended. Scarification, extracting the seed from the stone, and treating it with sulphuric acid has also been recommended. To germinate, seeds need full sunlight. Seed should germinate in 3 - 4 weeks when the seed is left in stone, quicker if it is cracked, and only 1 week if it is carefully extracted. <ref name="Cultivation details"/>
 
 
===Soil type===
 
 
 
 
===Propagation===
 
  
 
==Commonly seen growing in areas==
 
==Commonly seen growing in areas==
Line 81: Line 78:
  
 
<ref name="Leaf">[http://keralaplants.in/ BOTANIC DESCRIPTION]</ref>
 
<ref name="Leaf">[http://keralaplants.in/ BOTANIC DESCRIPTION]</ref>
 +
<ref name="Ayurvedic preparations">[https://easyayurveda.com/2015/07/26/ber-fruit-indian-jujube-uses-dose-side-effect-research/ Ayurvedic preparations]</ref>
 +
<ref name="Cultivation details">[http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Ziziphus+mauritiana Cultivation details]</ref>
  
 
<ref name="Common names">[http://envis.frlht.org/bot_search Vernacular names]</ref>
 
<ref name="Common names">[http://envis.frlht.org/bot_search Vernacular names]</ref>

Latest revision as of 14:10, 14 June 2019

Badarah, Ziziphus mauritiana

Badarah is a much branched thorny tree that grows in the drier parts of India. The fruits are enjoyed by animals and man alike.

Uses

Relieves constipation, Relieves excessive thirst, Improves digestion strength, Nasal bleeding, Gastric, Blood disorders, Diarrhea [1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada bore, elachi, elanji, yalaci, badari, bare, bari, barihannu
Hindi bara-bor, ber, kath ber,
Malayalam lanta, ilantappalam, lantappalam
Tamil ilandai, elandai
Telugu regi, regu-pandu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Karkandhu, kola, ahapriya, sauveera, gudaphala, baleshta
English Indian Jujube

[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Madhura (Sweet), Amla (Sour)

Guna

Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Oily)

Veerya

Sheeta (Cold)

Vipaka

Karma

Kapha, Pitta, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate distichous; stipular spines solitary or in pairs, straight or one of them recurved; nodes slightly enlarged around the leaf scars; petiole 4-8 mm, stout; lamina 1.5-4 x 1.5-3 cm, ovate, elliptic-ovate, elliptic-orbicular or suborbicular, base oblique, subcordate or round, apex round and retuse, margin glandular-denticulate or serrate, glabrous above, coriaceous, strongly 3-ribbed from base, convergent; lateral nerves 2-3 pairs, pinnate, prominent, slender, intercostae obscure.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Axillary cyme bisexual Greenish-yellow 5 n 15-20 flowered dense cymose axillary fascicles; peduncle much reduced; calyx tube 0.5 mm, woolly outside, glabrous within; lobes 5, triangular, prominently keeled on inner face; petals 5, cucullate, round at apex, deflexed with the stamens; disc 10-lobed, grooved; stamens 5, enclosed in the petals, not exserted beyond them; filaments slightly dilated at base; ovary embedded in disc, 2-celled; ovule 1, ascending; styles 2, connate to the middle; stigma 2-fid.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 1 x 0.5 cm oblong-globose, yellow or orange when ripe; 1-2-celled seeds 1 or 2, compressed. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Storage of the seed for 4 months to let it after-ripen improves germination. If facilities are available, stratification in sand for 60 - 90 days at 5°c is recommended. Scarification, extracting the seed from the stone, and treating it with sulphuric acid has also been recommended. To germinate, seeds need full sunlight. Seed should germinate in 3 - 4 weeks when the seed is left in stone, quicker if it is cracked, and only 1 week if it is carefully extracted. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Dry deciduous forests.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links