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Zanthoxylum rhetsa - Asvaghra
Asvaghra is a moderate sized deciduous tree with pinnate leaves found in evergreen and moist deciduous forests. The leaves and trunk are prickly. It is a tree in the lemon family.
The chemical composition of the volatile oil of Zanthoxylum rhetsa seed coat was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Thirty-four compounds, accounting for 87.4% of the oil were identifed. The major compounds were terpinen-4-ol (32.1%), α-terpineol (8.2%), sabinene (8.1%), β-phellandrene (7.4%) and 2-undecanone (7.1%).
|English||Indian prickly ash-tree|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Tikta (Bitter) Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry) Ushna (Hot)
|Pinnate||Alternate||Bark 15-20 mm thick, brown, mottled with white, armed with conical prickles; outer bark dead, corky, pale yellow, inner bark sulphur yellow; branchlets woody, terete, sparsely prickly.|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Unisexual, Terminal cymose panicles||2-3mm across||Greenish-yellow||4||Male flowers|
|Capsule||Capsule, of 1-4 cocci, purplish, tubercled, aromatic||Seeds globose, smooth, blue-black||Seeds used as a spice|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help. Germination should take place within 6 months, though it might take another 12 months.