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Difference between revisions of "Zanthoxylum rhetsa - Asvaghra"

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==How to plant/cultivate==
 
==How to plant/cultivate==
  
 
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Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help. Germination should take place within 6 months, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them until large enough to plant out. Cuttings of half-ripe wood. Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots. Good percentage. Suckers, removed when the plant is dormant, and planted direct into their permanent positions. <ref name="Cultivation details"/>
===Season to grow===
 
 
 
===Soil type===
 
 
 
 
===Propagation===
 
  
 
==Commonly seen growing in areas==
 
==Commonly seen growing in areas==
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<references>  
 
<references>  
  
<ref name="Leaf">[FLOWERING PLANTS OF KERALA VER 2.0, N SASIDHARAN "BOTANIC DESCRIPTION"]</ref>
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<ref name="Leaf">FLOWERING PLANTS OF KERALA VER 2.0, N SASIDHARAN "BOTANIC DESCRIPTION"</ref>
 
<ref name="Uses">[http://www.ayurvedavignan.com/2013/05/zanthoxylum-rhetsa.html/ "Uses"]</ref>
 
<ref name="Uses">[http://www.ayurvedavignan.com/2013/05/zanthoxylum-rhetsa.html/ "Uses"]</ref>
 
<ref name="Common names">[http://envis.frlht.org/index.php/bot_search "Vernacular names"]</ref>
 
<ref name="Common names">[http://envis.frlht.org/index.php/bot_search "Vernacular names"]</ref>
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<ref name="Cultivation details">[http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Zanthoxylum+rhetsa "Cultivation details"]</ref>
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</references>
 
</references>
  

Latest revision as of 14:04, 14 June 2019

Asvaghra, Zanthoxylum rhetsa

Asvaghra is a moderate sized deciduous tree with pinnate leaves found in evergreen and moist deciduous forests. The leaves and trunk are prickly. It is a tree in the lemon family.

Uses

Asthma, bronchitis, Cardiac ailments, Hemarrhoids, Arthritis, Ulcers [1]

Parts Used

Seeds

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada arempala, juminam, kadumenasu, aramadala, kavate
Hindi pepuli, badrang, budrung, jaladhari
Malayalam Mullilam, Mulliyllam, Karimurikku, Kattumurikku
Tamil karuncurai, kattumurukku, mullilam, iraccai
Telugu rhetsa-man, morapu, raccamanu, racha, rachamam, rachchamanu,
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit tejovati, tejasvini, ashvaghra, laghuvalkala
English Indian prickly ash-tree
[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter) Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry) Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate Alternate bark 15-20 mm thick, brown, mottled with white, armed with conical prickles; outer bark dead, corky, pale yellow, inner bark sulphur yellow; branchlets woody, terete, sparsely prickly.Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets, estipulate; leaflets 13-23, opposite or subopposite, 6-19 x 3-6.5 cm, oblong, elliptic-oblong, oblong-ovate, apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate, base oblique, margin entire or crenate, glabrous, punctate, coriaceous; petiolule 1-5 mm long;rachis 30-45 cm long slightly grooved above when young, becoming cylindric on maturity, usually prickly, glabrous; lateral nerves 6-12 pairs, slender, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, faint.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual, Terminal cymose panicles 2-3mm across greenish-yellow 4 male flowers: sepals 4, ovate-triangular, fimbriate along margin, green; petals 4, free, elliptic-oblong, white or creamy yellow, valvate; stamens 4, anthers oblong, yellow; disc lobulate; pistillodes solitary; female flowers: sepals & petals as in male flowers; staminodes absent; disc pulvinate; ovary superior, 4-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style eccentric; stigma truncate.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule capsule, of 1-4 cocci, purplish, tubercled, aromatic seeds globose, smooth, blue-black Seeds used as a spice

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help. Germination should take place within 6 months, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them until large enough to plant out. Cuttings of half-ripe wood. Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots. Good percentage. Suckers, removed when the plant is dormant, and planted direct into their permanent positions. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Evergreen forest, Moist deciduous forest.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. "Uses"
  2. "Vernacular names"
  3. FLOWERING PLANTS OF KERALA VER 2.0, N SASIDHARAN "BOTANIC DESCRIPTION"
  4. "Cultivation details"

External Links