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Sida cordifolia - Bala

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Bala, Sida cordifolia

Sida cordifolia is a perennial shrub of the mallow family Malvaceae and it is native to India. its seeds and root are used to make medicine.


Bleeding piles, Diarrhea, Fever, Gonorrhea, Aphrodisiac, wounds, Ophthalmia, Painful urination, Paralysis, headache, loss of voice[1]

Parts Used

Roots, seed, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

The following alkaloids were reported from S. cordifolia growing in India and β-phenethylamine, ephedrine, pseudo-ephedrine, S-(+)-Nb-methyltryptophan methyl ester, hypaphorine, vasicinone, vasicinol, choline, and betaine.

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Hethutti, Bili kurunthotti
Hindi Bariar, Kungyi Khareti, Kharenti
Malayalam Vellooram, Velluram
Tamil Mayir-manikham
Telugu Chirubenda
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bala, Batyalaka
English Country mallow


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









perennial shrub



Kind Shape Feature
serrate Heart shaped The leaves are truncate, 2.5-7 cm long and 2.5-5 cm broad, with 7-9 veins



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Small 2.5 cm long yellow or white in colour Petals 5 solitary and axillaries; Calyx campanulate; lobes 5, triangular, densely pubescent outside. Petals 5, pale yellow. Stamens monadelphous and Plant flowers from August to December


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Loculicidal capsule 7.5–11 cm long, 1.5 cm broad fruits are with 8 – 10 strongly reticulated mericarps, ciliate on the upper margins and fruiting from October to January. 12-20 seeds {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a lighter, sandy soil in a sunny position[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area, Sandy soil area.

Photo Gallery


  1. " Medicinal Use and Health Benefits"
  2. "Morphology"
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Ayurvedic preparations
  4. "Cultivation Details"

External Links