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Difference between revisions of "Phoenix sylvestris - Kharjura"

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[[File:Ichalu with fruits.jpg|thumb|right|''Kharjura'', ''Phoenix sylvestris'']]
 
[[File:Ichalu with fruits.jpg|thumb|right|''Kharjura'', ''Phoenix sylvestris'']]
'''Kharjura''', Wild date palm is a very tall, fast-growing, unbranched, single-stemmed palm with recurving, plumose, glaucous fronds, growing 4 - 15 metres tall. Typically, the plant has a swollen base, and retains the leaf bases on the trunk. The plant is sometimes of considerable local economic importance, particularly as a source of sugar
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'''Kharjura''' is wild date palm is a very tall. It is fast-growing, unbranched, single-stemmed palm with recurving, plumose, glaucous fronds, growing 4 - 15 metres tall. Typically, the plant has a swollen base and retains the leaf bases on the trunk.
 
 
 
==Uses==
 
==Uses==
{{Uses|Improves digestion strength}}, {{Uses|Improves strength and immunity}}, {{Uses|Rheumatoid arthritis}}, {{Uses|Anaemia}}, {{Uses|Cough}}
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{{Uses|Improves digestion strength}}, {{Uses|Improves strength and immunity}},{{Uses|Rheumatoid arthritis}}, {{Uses|Anaemia}}, {{Uses|Cough}}.<ref name="Uses"/>
<ref name="Uses"/>
 
  
 
==Parts Used==
 
==Parts Used==
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==Common names==
 
==Common names==
{{Common names|kn=eechalu, eechala mara|ml=intappana, kharjjuram|sa=kharjura, skandhappala, madhukshir, duraroha|ta=icham ,periaitcham|te=etha chettu, peddaeeta|hi=khajoor, khajri|en=Wild date palm}}
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{{Common names|kn=Eechalu, Eechala mara|ml=Intappana, Kharjjuram|sa=Kharjura, Skandhappala|ta=Icham ,Periaitcham|te=Etha chettu, Peddaeeta|hi=Khajoor, Khajri|en=Wild date palm}}<ref name="Common names"/>
<ref name="Common names"/>
 
  
 
==Properties==
 
==Properties==
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==Identification==
 
==Identification==
 
===Leaf===
 
===Leaf===
{{Leaf|pinnate|Clustered at the top|Leaves 3-4.5 m long, greyish-green, with a few short(to 10 cm) spines at the base; pinnules numerous, linear, 15-45 cm long and 2-2.5 cm wide, ending in short points.}}<ref name="Leaf"/>
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{{Leaf|Pinnate|Clustered at the top|Leaves 3-4.5 m long, greyish-green, with a few short(to 10 cm) spines at the base; pinnules numerous, linear, 15-45 cm long and 2-2.5 cm wide, ending in short points.}}<ref name="Leaf"/>
  
 
===Flower===
 
===Flower===
{{Flower|Unisexual|Spadix|Pale yellow|3|fragrant, borne in spadices; male flowers white, female greenish.}}
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{{Flower|Unisexual|Spadix|Pale yellow|3|Fragrant, borne in spadices; male flowers white, female greenish}}
  
 
===Fruit===
 
===Fruit===
{{Fruit|Berry|2.5-3.2 cm long||Fruiting spadix about 90 cm long, bearing oblong-ellipsoid berries, 2.5-3.2 cm long, orange-yellow when ripe.|Seed approximately 1.7 cm long, deeply grooved with rounded ends}}
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{{Fruit|Berry|2.5-3.2 cm long||Fruiting spadix about 90 cm long, bearing oblong-ellipsoid berries, 2.5-3.2 cm long, orange-yellow when ripe|Seed approximately 1.7 cm long, deeply grooved with rounded ends}}
  
 
===Other features===
 
===Other features===
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==How to plant/cultivate==
 
==How to plant/cultivate==
 
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Seed - probably best sown as soon as it is ripe in containers, otherwise sow the seed as soon as you obtain it. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 months.<ref name="Cultivation details"/>
Seed - probably best sown as soon as it is ripe in containers, otherwise sow the seed as soon as you obtain it. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 months. <ref name="Cultivation details"/>
 
  
 
==Commonly seen growing in areas==
 
==Commonly seen growing in areas==

Latest revision as of 12:39, 1 July 2020

Kharjura, Phoenix sylvestris

Kharjura is wild date palm is a very tall. It is fast-growing, unbranched, single-stemmed palm with recurving, plumose, glaucous fronds, growing 4 - 15 metres tall. Typically, the plant has a swollen base and retains the leaf bases on the trunk.

Uses

Improves digestion strength, Improves strength and immunity,Rheumatoid arthritis, Anaemia, Cough.[1]

Parts Used

Fruits, Leaves, Root

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Eechalu, Eechala mara
Hindi Khajoor, Khajri
Malayalam Intappana, Kharjjuram
Tamil Icham ,Periaitcham
Telugu Etha chettu, Peddaeeta
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Kharjura, Skandhappala
English Wild date palm

[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Madhura (Sweet)

Guna

Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Oily)

Veerya

Sheeta (cold)

Vipaka

Madhura (Sweet)

Karma

Pitta, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate Clustered at the top Leaves 3-4.5 m long, greyish-green, with a few short(to 10 cm) spines at the base; pinnules numerous, linear, 15-45 cm long and 2-2.5 cm wide, ending in short points.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Spadix Pale yellow 3 Fragrant, borne in spadices; male flowers white, female greenish

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Berry 2.5-3.2 cm long Fruiting spadix about 90 cm long, bearing oblong-ellipsoid berries, 2.5-3.2 cm long, orange-yellow when ripe Seed approximately 1.7 cm long, deeply grooved with rounded ends {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - probably best sown as soon as it is ripe in containers, otherwise sow the seed as soon as you obtain it. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 months.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area


Photo Gallery

References

External Links