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Difference between revisions of "Petiveria alliacea - Guinea henweed"

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'''Petiveria''' is a genus of flowering plants in the pigeonberry family, Petiveriaceae. The sole species it contains, Petiveria alliacea, is native to Florida and the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas in the United States,,<ref name="int2"/> Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and tropical South America.<ref name="int"/> Introduced populations occur in Benin and Nigeria. It is a deeply rooted herbaceous perennial shrub growing up to 1 m (3.3 ft) in height and has small greenish piccate flowers. The roots and leaves have a strong acrid, garlic-like odor which taints the milk and meat of animals that graze on it.
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[[File:Petiveria alliacea (9367401848).jpg|thumb|right]]
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'''Petiveria''' is a genus of flowering plants in the pigeonberry family Petiveriaceae. It is native to United States, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and tropical South America. It is a deeply rooted herbaceous perennial shrub growing up to 1 m tall. The roots and leaves have a strong acrid, garlic-like odor which taints the milk and meat of animals that graze on it.
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==Uses==
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{{Uses|Diarrhoea}}, {{Uses|Stimulate the uterus}}, {{Uses|Nervous spasms}}, {{Uses|Paralysis}}, {{Uses|Hysteria}}, {{Uses|Asthma}}, {{Uses|Whooping cough}}, {{Uses|Pneumonia}}, {{Uses|Bronchitis}}, {{Uses|Hoarseness}}, {{Uses|Fevers}}.<ref name="Uses"/>
  
== Description ==
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==Parts Used==
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{{Parts Used|Roots}}, {{Parts Used|Leaves}}.
P. alliacea is a herbaceous shrub. Leaves are simple, alternate, pinnate in the first order and netted the second order. It has determinate inflorescences. Although the plant is capable of reproducing throughout the year, reproductive activity peaks during a portion of the year that is dependent on geography. For example, in Mexico this period is from September to October, while in Central America it is from July to January.<ref name="des"/>
 
  
== Uses ==
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==Chemical Composition==
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Many biologically active compounds have been isolated from all parts of the plant, the most important ones being sulphur compounds, but flavonoids, triterpenes and steroids have also been identified.<ref name="chemical composition"/>
*Guinea Hen Weed is used in teas, extracts, capsules. The leaves and also the roots are used with medicinal purposes.
 
*This plant has been used to reduce inflammation and pain.
 
*It has been reported to be used to eliminate bacteria, fungi, candida, and viruses. It is also used to enhance the immune system and increase urination.<ref name="uses"/>
 
*Recent studies report beneficial results in the use of this plant to lower the blood sugar levels and in the elimination of cancer cells.<ref name="des"/>
 
*The plant is also used for arthritis, allergies, as therapy for fever, malaria. In addition, the plant is reportedly an abortifacient<ref name="des"/>
 
  
==Common name==
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==Common names==
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{{Common names|sa=|en=|gu=|hi=|kn=|ks=|ml=|mr=|pa=|ta=|te=}}
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==Properties==
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Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
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===Dravya===
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===Rasa===
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===Guna===
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===Veerya===
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===Vipaka===
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===Karma===
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===Prabhava===
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==Habit==
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{{Habit|Perennial}}
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==Identification==
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===Leaf===
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{{Leaf|||}}<ref name="Leaf"/>
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===Flower===
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{{Flower||||}}
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===Fruit===
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{{Fruit||||||}}
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===Other features===
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==List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used==
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==Where to get the saplings==
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==Mode of Propagation==
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{{Propagation|Seeds}}, {{Propagation|Cuttings of half-ripe wood}}.
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==How to plant/cultivate==
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Prefers a rich, moist soil and a position in partial shade.<ref name="How to plant/cultivate"/>
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==Commonly seen growing in areas==
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{{Commonly seen|Semi-shaded roadsides}}, {{Commonly seen|Well-drained}}, {{Commonly seen|Undisturbed ground}}.
  
* '''English''' - Guinea henweed
 
 
==Photo Gallery==
 
==Photo Gallery==
 
<gallery class="left" caption="" widths="140px" heights="140px">
 
<gallery class="left" caption="" widths="140px" heights="140px">
File:Petiveria alliacea (5432851633).jpg|Flowers
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Petiveria alliacea (5432851633).jpg
File:Petiveria alliacea (5433461550).jpg|Leaves
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Petiveria alliacea (5433461550).jpg
File:Petiveria. Guiné..JPG|Seeds
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Petiveria alliacea (9367401848).jpg
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Petiveria alliacea (flowers) in Costa Rica.jpg
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Petiveria alliacea - Botanischer Garten - Heidelberg, Germany - DSC01096.jpg
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
== References ==
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==References==
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<references>  
<references>
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<ref name="int">[https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?431298 Petiveria alliacea L.]</ref>
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<ref name="chemical composition">[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2613870/#:~:text=Compounds%20isolated%20and%20reported%20for,and%20several%20sulfur%2Dcontaining%20amino Chemical constituents]</ref>
<ref name="int2">[http://www.riodeltawild.com/JanJune2004/Petiveria%20alliacea.pdf  Smelly Weed Is Strong Medicine]</ref>
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<ref name="des">[http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/70236  Petiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)]</ref>
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<ref name="Leaf">[Morphology]</ref>
<ref name="uses">[http://www.rain-tree.com/anamu.htm#.WHXXvUSY48p  ANAMU (Petiveria alliacea)]</ref>
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<ref name="How to plant/cultivate">[http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Petiveria+alliacea Cultivation]</ref>
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<ref name="Uses">Indian Medicinal Plants by C.P.Khare</ref>
 
</references>
 
</references>
  
== External Links ==
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==External Links==
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* [https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/70236 Petiveria alliacea on cabi.org]
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petiveria Petiveria - Wikipedia]
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* [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2613870/ Petiveria alliacea on ncbi.govt.in]
  
 
[[Category:Herbs]]
 
[[Category:Herbs]]
[[Category:Petiveraceae]]
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[[Category:Pages without herbs images]]

Revision as of 15:41, 30 June 2020

Petiveria alliacea (9367401848).jpg

Petiveria is a genus of flowering plants in the pigeonberry family Petiveriaceae. It is native to United States, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and tropical South America. It is a deeply rooted herbaceous perennial shrub growing up to 1 m tall. The roots and leaves have a strong acrid, garlic-like odor which taints the milk and meat of animals that graze on it.

Uses

Diarrhoea, Stimulate the uterus, Nervous spasms, Paralysis, Hysteria, Asthma, Whooping cough, Pneumonia, Bronchitis, Hoarseness, Fevers.[1]

Parts Used

Roots, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Many biologically active compounds have been isolated from all parts of the plant, the most important ones being sulphur compounds, but flavonoids, triterpenes and steroids have also been identified.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada
Hindi
Malayalam
Tamil
Telugu
Marathi
Gujarathi
Punjabi
Kashmiri
Sanskrit
English


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Perennial

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
{{{5}}}

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings of half-ripe wood.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a rich, moist soil and a position in partial shade.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Semi-shaded roadsides, Well-drained, Undisturbed ground.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Indian Medicinal Plants by C.P.Khare
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. [Morphology]
  4. Cultivation

External Links