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Myristica dactyloides - Jatiphala

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Jatiphala, Myristica dactyloides

Jatiphala is a large evergreen tree found in the wet forests of the western ghats in south India and Sri Lanka. It is closely related to the nutmeg tree.


Asthma, Bad breath, Excessive thirst, Irritable bowel syndrome, Indigestion, Aphrodisiac, Cough, Cold, Diarrhea, Skin problems [1]

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

Beta pipene, alpha terpinene, safrole, methyl eugenol, myristicin, trimyristin, dihydro-dioeugeneol, myristic acid, epicatechin, cyanadin, nectandrin-B, Verrucosin, lignans and neolignans etc.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kaadu jaapatre, Kadu jaajikaai, Kadu pindi kayi
Hindi Jaiphal
Malayalam Adakkappayin, Panthappayin
Tamil Catikkaymaram, Kattuc catikkay
Telugu Adavijaajikaaya
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Jatiphala, Malatiphala


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Teekshna (Piercing, strong, penetrative)


Sheeta (Cold)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Pitta






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, 12-25 x 4-10 cm, oblong or elliptic-ovate, apex acute, base acute, round or rarely cuneate, margin entire, glabrous, shining above and glaucous beneath, coriaceous



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 7-15 Male flowers 10-20 together in short axillary dense clusters, female flowers as in male, generally 3-4 in the heads


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 5-7.5 x 3.7-6 cm Pericarp rufous pubescent when young, thick, succulent Seed one, ovoid; aril orange red, encircling the seed, deeply cut down into many lobes, each lanceolate at the apex into filiform segments. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - dries out easily, loses its viability rapidly, and cannot be stored. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Evergreen forest.

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. Illustrated Dravyaguna Vijnana, Vol.II by JLN Shastry.
  3. Botanic description
  4. Cultivation details

External Links