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Myrica esculenta - Katphala

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Katphala, Myrica esculenta

Katphala is a small tree or large shrub native to the hills of northern India and Nepal. It is found in hilly regions of northern India and Nepal especially in the regions of Garhwal and Kumaon of Uttarakhand and western Nepal especially at elevations between 3,000 and 6,000 feet. It is also found at elevations below 1500 m in the midhills of Nepal.


Fever, Asthma, Cough, Rheumatism, Cholera, Blotches, Pimples, Catarrh, Dysentery

Parts Used

Bark, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

The fruits of Myrica nagi are known for their ravishing taste and have been reported for reducing sugars, tannins and Vitamin C22, 23.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada NA
Hindi Kaiphal, Kaphal
Malayalam NA
Tamil Cavviyaci, Cavviyacimaram
Telugu NA
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Katphala, Mahavalkala
English NA


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Elliptic-obovate The leaves are 4-18 × 1.5-4.5 cm, leathery, abaxially pale green



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Small, stalkless 4.2 cm long Yellow 12 stamens Axillary, bearing about 25 flowers and Flowers Season is June - August


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Globose 1.1 to 1.3 cm The fruit is succulent drupe, with a bard endocarp Weight, 670 mg Many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a moist soil. Grows well in an open position in a well-drained soil in sun or light shade.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Open mixed forests, Mountain slopes.

Photo Gallery


External Links