Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Martynia annua - Tiger's claw

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Martynia annua

Martynia annua which is commonly known as cat's claw, tiger's claw, or iceplant. However, the name 'iceplant' may also refer to members of the unrelated plant family Aizoaceae.


Parts Used

Chemical Composition

Qualitative phyto-chemical analysis of whole plant extracts of Martynia annua reveals the presence of glycosides, tannins, carbohydrates, phenols, flavonoids and anthocyanins.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಹುಲಿ ಉಗುರು Huli Uguru, ಗರುಡ ಮೂಗು ಮುಳ್ಳು Garuda Mugu Mullu, ಹುಲಿ ನಖ Huli Nakha
Hindi हाथाजोड़ी Hatha-jori, Baghnakh, Hathajori, Ulat-kanta
Malayalam Pulinakham, Kakka-chundu, Puli-nakham
Tamil Chappotta
Telugu Sima ippacettu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit काकनसा Kakanasa
English Tiger's claw, Snake's head, Devil's claw



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.











Kind Shape Feature
Simple Cordiform Opposite-decussate, Acute / Cordate, Sinuate



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Large Purple with yellow throat In axillary or terminal racemes, Flowering throughout the year Flowering season is August to December


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
An ovoid drupe 2 apical curved beaks spilitting into 2 valves; seeds oblong Mature Fruit Colour is Brown Fruiting season is August to December

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

Erect subshrubs to 1 m tall, glandular-hairy all over. Leaves 8-20 x 6-19 cm, broadly ovate to suborbicular, base cordate, margin sinuate-dentate, apex acute, chartaceous, palmately 5-nerved from base; petiole 8-14 cm long.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.387, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. [Journal Paper from Researchgate - Martynia annua L.: A Review on Its Ethnobotany, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile]
  3. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 268
  4. Cultivation Details

External Links