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Mangifera Indica - Mango

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Mango is a large, evergreen tree with a dark green, umbrella-shaped, spreading crown. It can grow from 10 - 45 metres tall. The long bole can be 60 - 120cm in diameter. The tree has a deep, tap-root system


Angina, Asthma, Cough, Diabetes, Dental problems, Skin irritations, Stubborn colds, Obstinate diarrhoea, Bleeding piles, Dysentery, Scorpion stings.

Parts Used

Fruits, Flowers, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

It contains the essential oil isolated from the leaves and fruit peels of Mangifera indica L. by hydro distillation was analyzed by combined GC and GC/MS. The leaves of M. indica were rich in sesquiterpenes, while fruit peel oil consisted of very high amount of monoterpenes. The dominant compounds in mango leaf oil were δ-3-carene, α-gurjunene, β-selinene and β-caryophyllene, while fruit peel oil yielded mainly δ-3-carene and α-pinene.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Maavina mara, Maavu
Hindi Aam
Malayalam Amram, Mavu, Gomanna
Tamil Maamaram, Manga-maram, Mankai,
Telugu Maamidi, Mamidi-chettu
Marathi Aamba, Am, Ambo
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Amra, Amravrikshaha, Madhavadruma bhringabhishta, Kokilavasa
English Mango



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)











Evergreen tree



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Clustered at the tips of branchlets, 9.2-40 x 2.5-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, linear-oblong, apex acuminate, acute or obtusely acute, base attenuate or acute,margin entire, glabrous, shiny, coriaceous



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Polygamous Terminal panicles Yellow Calyx 4-5 partite, ovate, imbricate, hairy without, cauducous. Petals 4-5, oblong-obovate, subequal, nerves at base gland crested, free or adnate to the disc; disc fleshy, cupular, 4-5 lobed.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 5-15 cm long, oblong-reniform Yellowish-red, mesocarp fleshy, endocarp fibrous; seed subreniform. Flowering and fruiting - January to May

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

The optimal climate for growing mango ranges from the monsoon tropics to the frost-free subtropics, with a marked dry, or cool, season of at least three months to promote flowering. Seed - best sown as soon as ripe. [6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Humid tropical forests, Open and secondary formations.

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External Links