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Mangifera Indica - Mango
Mango is a large, evergreen tree with a dark green, umbrella-shaped, spreading crown. It can grow from 10 - 45 metres tall. The long bole can be 60 - 120cm in diameter. The tree has a deep, tap-root system
It contains the essential oil isolated from the leaves and fruit peels of Mangifera indica L. by hydro distillation was analyzed by combined GC and GC/MS. The leaves of M. indica were rich in sesquiterpenes, while fruit peel oil consisted of very high amount of monoterpenes. The dominant compounds in mango leaf oil were δ-3-carene, α-gurjunene, β-selinene and β-caryophyllene, while fruit peel oil yielded mainly δ-3-carene and α-pinene.
|Kannada||Maavina mara, Maavu|
|Malayalam||Amram, Mavu, Gomanna|
|Tamil||Maamaram, Manga-maram, Mankai,|
|Marathi||Aamba, Am, Ambo|
|Sanskrit||Amra, Amravrikshaha, Madhavadruma bhringabhishta, Kokilavasa|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
|Simple||Alternate||Clustered at the tips of branchlets, 9.2-40 x 2.5-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, linear-oblong, apex acuminate, acute or obtusely acute, base attenuate or acute,margin entire, glabrous, shiny, coriaceous|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Polygamous||Terminal panicles||Yellow||Calyx 4-5 partite, ovate, imbricate, hairy without, cauducous. Petals 4-5, oblong-obovate, subequal, nerves at base gland crested, free or adnate to the disc; disc fleshy, cupular, 4-5 lobed.|
|Drupe||5-15 cm long, oblong-reniform||Yellowish-red, mesocarp fleshy, endocarp fibrous; seed subreniform.||Flowering and fruiting - January to May|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
The optimal climate for growing mango ranges from the monsoon tropics to the frost-free subtropics, with a marked dry, or cool, season of at least three months to promote flowering. Seed - best sown as soon as ripe.