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Hyoscyamus niger - Pārasīkayavānī, Henbane
Pārasīkayavānī consists of the seed of Hyoscyamus niger. It is an annual or biennial herb. It is native to the Mediterranean region and temperate Asia, occurring in Western Himalayas from Kashmir to Kumaon at an altitude of 1600 to 4000 m, imported into India.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 13 Photo Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External Links
The chief constituent of Henbane leaves is the alkaloid Hyoscyamine, together with smaller quantities of Atropine and Hyoscine, also known as Scopolamine. The proportion of alkaloid in the British Pharmacopoeia dried drug varies from 0.045 to 0.14 per cent.
|ಖುರಾಸಾನಿ ಓಮ Khuraasaani oma, ವಿಲಾಯತಿ ತುಳಸಿ Vilaayati tulasi
|Henbane, Stinking nightshade
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
|Leaf Arrangementis Alternate-spiral
|Color and composition
|Flowering throughout the year and In terminal and/or axillary pseudoracemes
|Thinly septate, pilose, wrinkled
|Seeds upto 5
|Fruiting throughout the year
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
By the walls of fields, waste ground, near buildings and in stony places from low-lying ground near the sea to lower mountain slopes. Best propagated from seeds