Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Difference between revisions of "Garcinia indica - Vrikshamia"

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(References)
 
(One intermediate revision by the same user not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
'''Garcinia indica''' a plant in the mangosteen family. It is native to Asia and Africa. Garcinia indica is indigenous to the Western Ghats region of India located along the western coast of the country.  
 
'''Garcinia indica''' a plant in the mangosteen family. It is native to Asia and Africa. Garcinia indica is indigenous to the Western Ghats region of India located along the western coast of the country.  
 
==Uses==
 
==Uses==
{{Uses|Indigestion}}, {{Uses|Cuts}}, {{Uses|Snakebites}}, {{Uses|Diabetes}}, {{Uses|Cancers}}, {{Uses|Skin problems}}, {{Uses|Pimples}}, {{Uses|Diarrhea}}, {{Uses|Sore throats}}
+
{{Uses|Indigestion}}, {{Uses|Cuts}}, {{Uses|Snakebites}}, {{Uses|Diabetes}}, {{Uses|Cancers}}, {{Uses|Skin problems}}, {{Uses|Pimples}}, {{Uses|Diarrhea}}, {{Uses|Sore throats}}.
  
 
==Parts Used==
 
==Parts Used==
Line 8: Line 8:
  
 
==Chemical Composition==
 
==Chemical Composition==
Cyanidin-3-glucoside and cyanidin-3-sambubioside<ref name="chemical composition"/>
+
Cyanidin-3-glucoside and cyanidin-3-sambubioside.<ref name="chemical composition"/>
  
 
==Common names==
 
==Common names==
Line 40: Line 40:
  
 
===Fruit===
 
===Fruit===
{{Fruit|Berry|2.5-4 cm across||4-8 loculed, purple or wine brown, surrounded by persistent calyx; pulp red|seeds 5-8, compressed in acidic pulp.}}
+
{{Fruit|Berry|2.5-4 cm across||4-8 loculed, purple or wine brown, surrounded by persistent calyx; pulp red|Seeds 5-8, compressed in acidic pulp}}
  
 
===Other features===
 
===Other features===
Line 67: Line 67:
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
 
<references>  
 
<references>  
<ref name="chemical composition">[https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10942910802626754?src=recsys "Main constituents"]</ref>
+
<ref name="chemical composition">[https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10942910802626754?src=recsys Main constituents]</ref>
  
<ref name="Leaf">FLOWERING PLANTS OF KERALA VER.2, N. Sasidharan "Botanical description"</ref>
+
<ref name="Leaf">FLOWERING PLANTS OF KERALA VER.2, N. Sasidharan-Botanical description</ref>
 
<ref name="Ayurvedic preparations">[https://easyayurveda.com/2015/05/18/kokum-garcinia-indica-uses-dose-research-side-effects/ Ayurvedic preparations]</ref>
 
<ref name="Ayurvedic preparations">[https://easyayurveda.com/2015/05/18/kokum-garcinia-indica-uses-dose-research-side-effects/ Ayurvedic preparations]</ref>
  
<ref name="How to plant/cultivate">[https://www.nmpb.nic.in/sites/default/files/publications/kokum.pdf "Cultivation Details"]</ref>
+
<ref name="How to plant/cultivate">[https://www.nmpb.nic.in/sites/default/files/publications/kokum.pdf Cultivation Details]</ref>
 
</references>
 
</references>
  

Latest revision as of 16:28, 22 May 2020

KOKUM(punarpuli)

Garcinia indica a plant in the mangosteen family. It is native to Asia and Africa. Garcinia indica is indigenous to the Western Ghats region of India located along the western coast of the country.

Uses

Indigestion, Cuts, Snakebites, Diabetes, Cancers, Skin problems, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats.

Parts Used

Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Cyanidin-3-glucoside and cyanidin-3-sambubioside.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Murgina, Punarpuli
Hindi Kokum
Malayalam Kaattampi
Tamil Murgal, Murgal-mara
Telugu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Vrikshamia, Amlabija
English Kokam, Goa butter tree


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Amla (sour), Madhura (sweet)

Guna

Ruksha (Dry), Guru (heavy)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Madhura (sweet)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite Estipulate; petiole 5-12 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 6.5-11 x 1.5-4 cm, lanceolate or obovate-oblong, base attenuate.

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Polygamodieocious Axillary and terminal fascicles Many Pedicels 6 mm long; sepals 4, yellowish-orange to pinkish-orange, coriaceous, ovate-rotundate, outer ones 3-4.5 mm long, inner ones 4.5-5 mm long.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Berry 2.5-4 cm across 4-8 loculed, purple or wine brown, surrounded by persistent calyx; pulp red Seeds 5-8, compressed in acidic pulp {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[3]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Grafting.

How to plant/cultivate

It can be propagated through soft wood grafts. Garcinia indica requires a warm and humid tropical climate.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Forest lands, Riversides, Wastelands.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Main constituents
  2. FLOWERING PLANTS OF KERALA VER.2, N. Sasidharan-Botanical description
  3. Ayurvedic preparations
  4. Cultivation Details

External Links