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Diospyros malabarica - Tinduka

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Diospyros malabarica, Gaub tree

The Gaub tree is a species of flowering tree in the family Ebenaceae. It is native to the Indian Subcontinent and South East Asia. It is a long-lived, very slow-growing tree, which can reach up to 35 m in height with a black trunk up to 70 cm in diameter.


Cold, Wounds, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Blood diseases, Gonorrhoea, Leprosy, Xever, Chronic dysentery

Parts Used

Fruits, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

Leaves contain triterpenes, betulin, β-sitosterol, oleanolic acid and myricyl alcohol. Bark, flowers and fruits contain tannins[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Holitupare
Hindi Gaab
Malayalam Panancca
Tamil Tumbika
Telugu Bandadamara
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
English Indian persimmon


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Evergreen tree



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves are alternate, simple, oblong, obtuse



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 Flowering time: April-May and Flowers in axillary cymes


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Berries 7–10 mm Fruiting time: June-July many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the moist, lowland tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 500 metres. Tt has a very short viability and so should be sown as soon as possible. The flesh should be removed since this contains germination inhibitors.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Lowland rain forests, Along rivers and streams, Shady and wet places.

Photo Gallery


External Links