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Cleome viscosa - Tilaparni

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Tilaparni, Cleome viscosa

Tilaparni is an erect, branched, annual plant with sticky leaves. It can grow 40 - 150cm tall. The plant is gathered from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. The plant is occasionally cultivated in India, where it is gaining in popularity as a low-cost substitute for cumin. Its cultivation is promoted for degraded or marginal agricultural land where it can be cultivated with less difficulty than traditional crops.


Ringworm, Flatulence, Dyspepsia, Bronchitis, Wounds, Inflammation[1]


Tilaparni can be used in Food. Whole plant is cooked as vegetable. The pungent seeds are occasionally used as condiment in curries or in preparation of chutney[2].

Parts Used

Whole plant

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Antu saasive gida, Haladimaamballi, Kaadusassive, Naayi saasive, Nayibela
Hindi Bagro, Hulhul, Hurhur, Jakhya
Malayalam Aria-veela, Ariavila, Atunarivela, Katkudagu, Naivela
Tamil Kaattu kadugu, Naai vealai elai, Nayikkadugu, Nayivelai, Peruvelai,
Telugu Kukha-avalu, Kukhavavulu, Kukhavominta
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Adityabhakta, Arikahita, Arkabhakta, Arkakanta, Brahmasuvarchala, Hulahula, Tilaparni



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.








Nutritional components

Cleome viscosa Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-C; Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc[2].





Kind Shape Feature
Palmately compound Alternate Petioles – of lower leaves 2.5 – 5cm long, Upper leaves 0.4 – 3.8cm Leaflets – sub sessile, elliptic – oblong or obovate.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary lax raceme Yellow 12 - 18 Flowers 1-1.5 cm across; pedicels to 1 cm long, elongate during fruiting. Sepals 4, 4-8 x 2-3 mm, lanceolate, apex acute, glandular hairy without.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A capsule 5-6.5 x 0.3-0.5 cm Linear-oblong, terete, striate, densely glandular hairy seeds many, 1-1.5 mm across, reniform, transversely ridged, reddish-brown. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


Cultivation Details

Must be sown in sandy, well draining soil and only lightly covered. Requires bright and warm conditions to thrive[5]. Tilaparni is available through October to December[2].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.56, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Vernacular names
  4. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 130
  5. Cultivation details

External Links