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Catharanthus roseus - Sada Bahar
Catharanthus roseus is a genus of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. It is native and endemic to Madagascar, but grown elsewhere as an ornamental and medicinal plant, It is a source of the drugs vincristine and vinblastine, used to treat cancer.
Indole, Indoline alkaloids, Ajmalicine, Lochnerine, Serpentine.
|Kannada||Vishakanigalu, Kaasi kanigalu, Smashaana mallige|
|English||Periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)
|Simple||Opposite||The leaves are lobed or unlobed but not separated into leaflets|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Unisexual||2-4cm long||Pink to red, white||5||Flowering throughout the year|
|General||10–50 mm||The fruit is dry and splits open when ripe||-||-||Fruiting throughout the year|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
Vinca or Periwinkle will grow in range of light conditions, from full sun to shade. They will do well in average soils.