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Cassia fistula - Aragvadha

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Cassia fistula

Cassia fistula known as the golden rain tree. It is a flowering plant. The species is native to the Indian subcontinent and adjacent regions of Southeast Asia. It ranges from southern Pakistan eastward throughout India to Myanmar and Thailand and south to Sri Lanka. This tree is belongs to Caesalpiniaceae.[1]


Fever, Skin diseases, Rheumatic diseases, Cervical lyrnphadenitis, Cardiac diseases, Worm Infestations, Abdominal pain.


Cassia fistula can be used in food. Tender leaves and fl ower buds are cooked as vegetable[2].

Parts Used

Fruit pulp, Bark, Root, Leaf, Flower.

Chemical Composition

Pulp of the pod contains anthraquinone glycosides, sennosides A and B, rhein and its glucoside, barbaloin.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಕಕ್ಕೆಮರ Kakkemara, ಕೊಂದೆ Konde
Hindi Amaltas
Malayalam Konna, Kritamalam
Tamil Sarakonrai, Sarak konnai, Sarak kondi, Sharakkonrai
Telugu Rela
Marathi Bahava, Garamala, Amaltas
Gujarathi Garamala, Garamalo
Punjabi Amaltas
Kashmiri Kriyangal Phali
Sanskrit Krathamaala, Vyaadighata, Shampaaka
English Indian Laburnum, Purging cassia



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Madhura (Sweet)




Ushna (Hot)


Madhura (Sweet)




Nutritional components

Cassia fistula contains the Following nutritional components like Vitamin-E and C; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium[2].





Kind Shape Feature
Alternate Pinnate 20 to 40 cm long pinnate, leaflets in 4 to 6 pairs, colour greenish, ovate with numerous nerves



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 5 petals Bright yellowish 10 stemens Lax pendulous racemes flowering season February to April


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Cylindrical pod 30 to 45cm long Brownish black in colour Flat, testa very hard, smooth, numerous, present between the pulp {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Cuttings, Layering, Vegetative

Cultivation Details

Seed. The seeds have a hard seed coat and germination is improved by mechanical scarification or treatment with concentrated sulphuric acid for at least 45 minutes[7]. Cassia fistula is available through March- October[2]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Dry deciduous forests.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:57
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No. Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Phytochemistry
  4. Common name
  5. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 110
  6. Ayurvedic preparations
  7. Cultivation details

External Links