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Beta vulgaris - Raktagrnjana

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The Beetroot is the taproot portion of the beet plant usually known in North America as the beet and table beet. Beta vulgaris is an erect, biennial plant. It grows around 60cm tall.


Tumours, Anaemia, Yellow jaundice, Ringing ears, Alleviate toothache, Cancer, Dandruff, Leukaemia, Bladder infections.

Parts Used

Leaves, Stem, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Beetroots (Beta vulgaris) are rich in valuable, active compounds such as carotenoids (Dias et al., 2009), glycine betaine, (de Zwart et al., 2003), saponins (Atamanova et al., 2005), betacyanines (Patkaiet al., 1997), folates (Jastrebova et al., 2003), betanin, polyphenols and flavonoids [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kempu gadde, Beetrootu, Rakthagadde
Hindi Chukandar
Malayalam Bittruttu, Cencira, Neycira
Tamil Cencirai
Telugu NA
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Palakya, Raktagrnjana
English Beetroot


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Biennial plant



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Basal leaves forming a rosette



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 3.5–4 cm Green 5-20 Small, green, borne in clusters subtended by bracts, forming dense, usually branched inflorescences


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Flattish 7–10 mm ‘Seeds’ are actually fruits that are attached to each other and enveloped in a woody covering Many {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Grown easily from seed. Beta vulgaris is originally a native of the warm temperate zone, though it has spread further north to the cold temperate zone.[3]

Season to grow

Late March to April.

Required Ecosystem/Climate

Beetroot prefer a position in full sun. They will grow in light shade, but avoid areas that get no direct sun at all.[4]

Kind of soil needed

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy.

Commonly seen growing in areas

Waste ground, Calcareous soils, Meadows and woods.

Photo Gallery


External Links