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Bacopa monnieri - Brahmi

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Bacopa Monnieri, Brahmi

Bacopa Monnieri is a non-aromatic herb. Its ability to grow in water makes it a popular aquarium plant. It can even grow in slightly brackish conditions.The whole herb is used medicinally in India in a variety of ways. Bacopa is a genus of 70–100 aquatic plants belonging to the family Plantaginaceae.


Parts Used

Chemical Composition

Brahmi contains the alkaloids brahmine, herpestine. It contains saponins namely bacosides A and B. It also contains betulic acid, stigmasterol, monnierin and hersaponin. Bacosides A and B on hydrolysis gives triterpenoid aglycone bacogenins A and B respectively.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Brahmi, Brahmi
Hindi Brahmi
Malayalam Brahmi
Tamil Neer brahmi
Telugu Sambrani aku
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Brahmi
English Indian pennywort


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light)


Sheet (cold)


Madhura (Sweet)






Kind Shape Feature
small oval leaves that are succulent and relatively thick, Brahmi leaves grow alternately on the soft hairy stem



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual white-purplish five petals Brahmi flowers bloom in most months of the year


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
oval Brahmi fruit is oval and sharp at apexWith hooked hairs {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

The plant is propagated by soft herbaceous cuttings. For mass propagation, whole plant is cut into small divisions and planted directly in the sunken beds. About 62,500 nos. of cuttings required for planting one hectare area. The cuttings of about 5-6 m long, each with a few leaves and nodes are ideal and establish easily. The cuttings are transplanted in wet soil at spacing of 10 x 10cm to get maximum herbage yield. Flood irrigation is provided quickly just after planting. The cuttings should be transplanted in the month of July-August to get maximum herbage yield. [3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Photo Gallery


External Links