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Difference between revisions of "Arachis hypogaea - Bhuchanaka"

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==Chemical Composition==
 
==Chemical Composition==
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Peanut is one of the most important crops in the world, both for vegetative oil and as a protein source.<ref name="chemical composition"/>
  
 
==Common names==
 
==Common names==
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<ref name="chemical composition">[https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313676701_Chemical_Constituents_and_Pharmacological_Activities_of_Arachis_hypogaea_-_A_Review Chemistry]</ref>
  
<ref name="Leaf">[https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Arachis_hypogaea.html"morphology"]</ref>
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<ref name="Leaf">[https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Arachis_hypogaea.html Morphology]</ref>
  
 
<ref name="How to plant/cultivate">[http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Arachis+hypogaea Cultivation]</ref>
 
<ref name="How to plant/cultivate">[http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Arachis+hypogaea Cultivation]</ref>

Latest revision as of 17:51, 26 March 2020

Bhuchanaka, Arachis hypogaea

Arachis hypogaea is an annual plant with erect or prostrate stems up to 70cm long. The peanut is a very commonly used food plant, valued mainly for its edible seed and oil, but also having medicinal and other uses. It is widely cultivated throughout the tropics and sub-tropics for its seed.

Uses

Rheumatism, Blood disorders

Parts Used

Seeds, Young pods, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Peanut is one of the most important crops in the world, both for vegetative oil and as a protein source.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada
Hindi
Malayalam
Tamil
Telugu
Marathi
Gujarathi
Punjabi
Kashmiri
Sanskrit
English


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Compound Alternate Leaves stipulate, pinnate with two opposite pairs of leaflets, alternately arranged in a 2/5 phyllotaxy on main axis.

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary Yellow Flowers pea-like, enclosed between two bracts, one simple, subtending a very short peduncle, the other bifid, subtending the pedicel.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Pod 1 cm long x 0.5 cm thick to 3.5 cm x 1.5 cm Indehiscent legume up to 10 cm long; seeds 1–5

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Peanuts can be grown from the tropics to the warm temperate zone, with commercial crops succeeding between latitudes 40° south and 40° north and up to an elevation of 1,500 metres.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Wild state.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links