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Difference between revisions of "Arachis hypogaea - Bhuchanaka"

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[[Category:Herbs]]
 
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Latest revision as of 15:49, 13 August 2019

Bhuchanaka, Arachis hypogaea

Arachis hypogaea is an annual plant with erect or prostrate stems up to 70cm long. The root system consists of a well-developed taproot with many lateral roots, up to 135cm deep, but generally restricted to the upper layers of the soil. The peanut is a very commonly used food plant, valued mainly for its edible seed and oil, but also having medicinal and other uses. It is widely cultivated throughout the tropics and sub-tropics for its seed, there are many named varieties.

Uses

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Parts Used

[[:Category:Herbs with used in medicine|]], stem, leaves, Root.

Chemical Composition

[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada
Hindi
Malayalam
Tamil
Telugu
Marathi
Gujarathi
Punjabi
Kashmiri
Sanskrit
English


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Compound Alternate Leaves stipulate, pinnate with two opposite pairs of leaflets, alternately arranged in a 2/5 phyllotaxy on main axis; distichous on higher order branches.

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary Yellow Flowers pea-like, enclosed between two bracts, one simple, subtending a very short peduncle, the other bifid, subtending the pedicel; sessile, but appear to be stalked after growth of a tubular hypanthium just before anthesis. Petals, orange, yellow, cream or rarely white; Stamens 10, sterile filaments usually 2, anthers 8 (sometimes 9, rarely 10), 4 globose, uniloculate, alternating with 4 oblong, 3 of which are biloculate and 1, opposite the standard, uniloculate. The tip of the ovary, bearing from 1–5 ovules, grows out from between the floral bracts, bearing with it the dried petals, calyx lobes and hypanthium; creating a unique floral stucture—the peg. The peg quickly turns down toward the soil and thrusts its tip with its ovules several centimeters into the soil where the tip turns horizontally and develops into the pod.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Pod 1 cm long x 0.5 cm thick to 3.5 cm x 1.5 cm an indehiscent legume up to 10 cm long; seeds 1–5

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

[[:Category:Index of Plants which can be propagated by |]]

How to plant/cultivate

[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

[[:Category:Herbs that are commonly seen in the region of |]], [[:Category:Herbs that are commonly seen in the region of |]], [[:Category:Herbs that are commonly seen in the region of |]], [[:Category:Herbs that are commonly seen in the region of |]], [[:Category:Herbs that are commonly seen in the region of |]].

Photo Gallery

References

  1. ["chemistry"]
  2. "morphology"
  3. [ "Cultivation"]

External Links

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