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Putranjiva roxburghi - Putranjiva

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Putranjivah, Putranjiva roxburghii

Putranjivah is an evergreen tree with graceful hanging branches and dark green leaves. Its seeds have long been used in Ayurveda.

Uses

Aphrodisiac, Gastritis, Burning sensation in eyes, Relieves thirst [1]

Parts Used

Seeds, Leaves

Chemical Composition

Ethanol extraction of the fresh leaves of P. roxburghii proved convenient for the isolation of polyphenolic compounds. In addition to triterpenoids this extract yielded ellagic acid, gallic acid, gallocatechin, ellagi-and gallo-tannins and saponins. The main components of the root bark were triterpenoids, friedelin, putranjivadione, roxburgholone, methyl putrate and saponins derived from oleanolic acid.

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Amaami, Amani, Kaal damani, Menasina kaale, Putranjeeva
Hindi Jiaputa, Jivputrak, Jiyapota, Putranjiva
Malayalam Pongolan, Ponkalam, Putranjivi, Puttilanni
Tamil Karuppilai, Kattuppacceri Maram, Pongolam
Telugu Kadrajuvi, Kudrajinic, Kudurujuvir, Kudurujuvvi, Putra jeevi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Aksaphala, Kumarbeeja, Putrajivah, Putranjiva
English NA

[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Madhura (Sweet), Katu (Pungent)

Guna

Guru (Heavy), Picchila (Slimy)

Veerya

Sheeta (cold)

Vipaka

Karma

Pitta, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Stipule small, lateral, caducous; petiole 5-7 mm long, slender, pubescent; lamina 3.5-12 x 1.5-4.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, base oblique, apex shortly acuminate, acute or obtuse with retuse tip; margin serrate or serrulate, glabrous, dark green, shining, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-12 pairs, pinnate, slender, ascending, prominent, intercostae reticulate, slender, prominent.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Axillary spikes Yellow Flowers unisexual, small, yellow; male flowers: sessile, in axillary spikes, 2-2.5 mm across; pedicels 1.5-2 mm long, glabrous; tepals 3-5, oblong, puberulous without, ciliate, obtuse, imbricate; stamens 2-4, 1.5-2 mm long; filaments thick, more or less connate towards base; anthers ovate, hairy; female flowers: solitary or in 2 or 3, axillary; pedicel upto 15 mm long, puberulous; bracts lanceolate; tepals 5-6, 2-2.5 × 1-1.5 mm, unequal, oblong, puberulous without, ciliate, acute; ovary superior, 3 x 2.5 mm, globose, tomentose, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style 3, spreading, tomentose, often connate below into dilated into broad fleshy stigma; stigma crescent-shaped, glandular.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A drupe 1.3-2 x 1.5 cm Ovoid-ellipsoid, white tomentose; seed one, crustaceous; pedicels 6-25 mm long {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

This species is usually dioecious, though occasional monoecious forms are found. Generally, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub Tropical area

Photo Gallery

References

External Links