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Premna serratifolia - Ganakasika

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Ganakasika, Premna serratifolia

Premna serratifolia is a small shrub in the Verbenaceae family. It flowers and fruits between May and November. During flowering season, it attracts a large number of butterflies and bees.

Uses

fevers, arthritis, colic, flatulence, coughs, headaches, backaches, neuralgi, Sore throats

Parts Used

Leaves, seeds, Ripe fruits.

Chemical Composition

P-methoxy cinnamic acid, linalool, linoleic acid, β-sitosterol and flavone luteolin, iridoid glycoside, premnine, ganiarine and ganikarine, premnazole, aphelandrine, pentacyclic terpene betulin, caryophellen, premnenol, premna spirodiene, clerodendrin-A, etc., phytoconstituents in its various parts[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada
Hindi
Malayalam
Tamil
Telugu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit
English Agrimony


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple opposite Petiole 4-14 mm, slender, pubescent, grooved above

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 2-4cm long Greenish-white 4 Flowers Season is June - August

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
General 7–10 mm Fruit a drupe, seated on the calyx, globose, purple seeds oblong {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Found in the wild on sandy soils and limestone[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Forest regrowth, Brushwood and hedges, Near the sea.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links