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Lawsonia inermis - Mendhika

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Henna/Mehdi

Henna is a flowering plant and the sole species of the Lawsonia genus.

Uses

Bleeding, Nerve deseases, Amoebic dysentery, Wounds, Skin eruptions, Ulcers, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats

Parts Used

Leaves, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

The major components were ethyl hexadecanoate (24.4%), (E)-methyl cinnamate (11.4%), isocaryophyllene (8.1%), (E)-β-ionone (5.8%) and methyl linolenate (4.1%).[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Goranta, Gorante
Hindi Hena
Malayalam Mail-anschi, Mailanci
Tamil Aivanam, Aivanam
Telugu Goranta, Gorata
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Dvivranta, Kokadanta
English Henna


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Evergreen shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Henna is a thorny evergreen shrub that can reach up to 6.0 m in heightThe leaves are divided into 3-6 toothed leaflets, with smaller leaflets in between

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 The fragrant flowers are whitish or pink to brick red and sit in a pyramid-shaped inflorescence

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple 7–10 mm The fruit is a blue-black berry Single {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[3]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Cuttings, Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - germinates best at temperatures around 25°c. Because of their hard seedcoats, the seeds have to be pre-germinated before sowing.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Warmer parts of South and North America, Meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links