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Kigelia pinnata - Sausage tree

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Sausage tree, Kigelia pinnata

Sausage tree is an extremely variable, semideciduous tree with a large, dense, spreading crown; it sometimes grows up to 23 metres tall but is usually smaller. The bole is sometimes crooked, it usually branches from low-down and can be 80cm in diameter.

Uses

Wound healing, Skin diseases, Venereal diseases, Diarrhea, Infertility, Jaundice, Leprosy [1]

Parts Used

Bark, Roots, Fruits, Leaves

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada aanethoradu kaayi, mara sowthae
Hindi Balam kheera, jhar fanoos
Malayalam
Tamil Yanai pudukan
Telugu enuga thondamu, jijiliyaarnattu, kijili, naagamalle
Marathi
Gujarathi
Punjabi
Kashmiri
Sanskrit
English African sausage tree

[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Semi deciduous tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate Opposite crowded near the ends of branches, compound, with 3-5 pairs of leaflets plus a terminal leaflet; leaflets oblong, up to 6 x 10 cm, leathery, roughly hairy on both surfaces, rather yellowish-green above, paler green below, apex broadly tapering to rounded; base square, asymmetric in the lateral leaflets, symmetric in the terminal leaflet; margin entire, sometimes obscurely toothed, wavy; the lower leaflets shortly petiolulate, the terminal pair without petiolules; petiole up to 15 cm long

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Pendulous panicles Flowers striking, dark maroon with heavy yellow veining on the outside,

cup shaped, asymmetric, up to 15 cm across the mouth, unpleasant smelling; in 6- to 12-flowered, lax, pendulous sprays up to 90 cm long. Calyx shortly tubular with 2-5 ribbed lobes; corolla widely cup shaped with 5 broad spreading lobes; stamens 4, slightly protruding beyond the mouth of the corolla tube; ovary 1-chambered.

{{{5}}}

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Sausage shaped 45 cm long by 15 cm diameter greyish-brown, heavily dotted with lenticels, indehiscent, heavy, weighing up to 12 kg, containing a fibrous pulp in which are embedded many seeds.

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

The tree is easily propagated from fresh seed sown in river sand. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area


Photo Gallery

References

External Links