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Juglans regia - Akṣoḍa

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Akṣoḍa, Juglans regia

Akṣoḍa consists of dried cotyledons of Juglans regia Linn. (Fam. Juglandaceae) a large deciduous, monoecious tree with tomentose shoots, found throughout the Himalayas upto an altitude of 900-3300 m.


Burning sensation, General debility, Skin diseases, Intestinal worms, Wound healing [1]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves, Fruit

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada akrotu, akrotu beeja, akshota
Hindi akhrot, khor
Tamil akkarottu
Telugu akrottu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit akshota, akhota, karparala, madanabhaphala, parvatiya, phalasnehah, rekhaphala, svadu majja
English black sea walnut, carpathian walnut, european walnut



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Oily)


Ushna (Hot)


Madhura (Sweet)








Kind Shape Feature
pinnate alternate foetid, pinnate, without stipules; leaflets to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate; margin irregularly serrate, glabrescent above, pubescent and glandular beneath



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual axillary Pale yellow 10 flowers developing from dormant bud of previous season's growth; staminate flowers in axillary, pendulous aments 5–15 cm long, developing 1–4 million pollen grains each; flowers in axils of scales, with 2 bracteoles, perianth-segments 1–4, stamens 3–40; pistillate flowers in clusters of 3–9, developing as many nuts


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 3.5–5 cm in diameter globose or slightly ridged, not splitting. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in individual deep pots in a cold frame. You need to protect it from mice, birds, squirrels etc. The seed usually germinates in late winter or the spring. Plant out the seedlings into their permanent positions in early summer and give some protection from the cold for their first winter or two. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Temperate area, Mediterranean area

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