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Hemidesmus indicus - Ananthamoola

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Hemidesmus indicus is a climber found throughout India. The plant is widely exploited from the wild for its root, which is used medicinally. Plant populations in some areas have dropped dramatically and the plant is now being experimentally cultivated in India.


Gums diseases in teeth, Hair fall, Dysuria, Eye diseases, Jaundice, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Body pain, Abdominal pain, Indigestion, Scabies, Eczema.

Parts Used

Roots, Rhizome, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Nerolidol (1.2%), borneol (0.3%), linalyl acetate (0.2%), dihydrocarvyl acetate (0.1%), salicylaldehyde (0.1%), isocaryophyllene (0.1%), alpha terpinyl acetate (traces) and 1, 8-cineol (traces) are important as aromatic and bioactive principles[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Sogadeberu
Hindi Anantamul
Malayalam Nannari Narunanti
Tamil Nannari
Telugu Nannari
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Nagajihya
English NA


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, VeNannarierya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (heavy), Snigda (oily)


Sheeta (Cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Kapha, Pitta



Twiner, Climber



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite The leaves are variable, elliptic–oblong to linear–lanceolate, variegated, and white above and silvery-white pubescent beneath



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Greenish purple 5-20 Flowers are crowded in axillary cymes in small compact clusters


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Paired Fruits cylindrical, pointed, and slender. Seeds are oblong in shape fruits mature in January many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The plant can best be propagated from stem and rootstock cuttings obtained from more than one-year-old plants. Rootstock cuttings have better sprouting and survival rates than stem cuttings.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area

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