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Hedychium coronarium - Butterfly Ginger Lily

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suruli sugandhi, Hedychium coronarium

Hedychium coronarium is the National Flower of Cuba, where it is known as mariposa due to its shape. The plant has become wild in the cool rainy mountains in Sierra del Rosario, Pinar del Rio Province in the west, Escambray Mountains in the center of the island, and in Sierra Maestra in the very west of it.

Uses

febrifuge, pain in the chest and arms, tonsillitis, infected nostrils, abdominal complaint, stiff and sore joints.

Parts Used

Young buds, flowers, Root

Chemical Composition

Three new labdane-type diterpenes 1-3, named coronarins G-I as well as seven known 4-10, coronarin D, coronarin D methyl ether, hedyforrestin C, (E)-nerolidol, β-sitosterol, daucosterol, and stigmasterol were isolated[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Suruli Sugandhi
Hindi Dolan champa
Malayalam Elipoochedihankitam, Chantikantam
Tamil Chankitam, Chantikantam
Telugu Kichchiligadda
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit
English Butterfly Ginger Lily


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Tikshna (Sharp)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Vata

Prabhava

Habit

perennial herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
sharp-pointed lance-shaped 8-24 in long and 2-5 in wide and arranged in 2 neat ranks that run the length of the stem
[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 6-12 in long white 5 flowers are like Showy, Fragrant

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
7–10 mm (0.28–0.4 in.) long pome clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown With hooked hairs {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, By clump.

How to plant/cultivate

Plants are not very hardy, they tolerate temperatures down to about -2°c[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical, Subtropical, Moist places along streams, forest edges, Along the banks of river.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links