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Gymnema sylvestre - Madhunaashini

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Gymnema sylvestre is an herb native to the tropical forests of southern and central India and Sri Lanka. Common names include Gymnema,Cowplant, Australian Cowplant, and Periploca of the woods.


Diabetes, Fever, Cough, Swollen glands, Epilepsy, Boils, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Flavones, anthraquinones, hentri-acontane, pentatriacontane, α and β-chlorophylls, phytin, resins, d-quercitol, tartaric acid, formic acid, butyric acid, lupeol, β-amyrin[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Madhunashini
Hindi Gurmar
Malayalam Cakkarakkolli
Tamil Cirukurinca
Telugu Podapatri
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Madhunashini
English Gurmar, Cowplant


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple elliptic Leaves are elliptic, narrow tipped, base narrow. Leaves are smooth above, and sparsely or densely velvety beneath



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Pale yellow 5-20 Pale yellow flowers are small, in axillary and lateral umbel like cymes


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
simple clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown With hooked hairs {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The plant grows best in areas with a well-distributed rainfall of 600 - 1,000mm annually. The plant can be multiplied either by seeds or by stem cuttings. Seeds are collected from freshly harvested fruits. Then they soaked overnight in water and next day the seeds are sown in the seed pan containing soil mixed with sand. The seed pans are watered daily and the seeds germinate in about 15 days. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical forests, Southeast Asia, Plentiful moisture.

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