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Gmelina arborea - Gambhari

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Gmelina arborea, Madhumati

Madhumati locally known as gamhar. it is a fast-growing deciduous tree. Occurring naturally throughout greater part of India at altitudes up to 1,500 meters. It also occurs naturally in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and in southern provinces of China.

Uses

bilious fever, gonorrhoea, cough, wounds, ulcers, leprosy, blood diseases, Diarrhea.

Parts Used

Roots, stem, rootbark, stem bark, fruits.

Chemical Composition

hexenol (17.9%), 1-octen-3-ol (8.4%) and hexanol (6.1%) among the aliphatic alcohols; heptacosane (5.6%), pentacosane (3.8%) and 1-pentacosene (3.2%) among the hydrocarbons; and nonanal (8.7%) and (E)-2-decenal (3.0%)[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Shivani
Hindi Gamhar
Malayalam Kumbil
Tamil Kumalaamaram
Telugu Peddagumudutekku
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Madhumati
English Gamhar


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Madhura (Sweet)

Guna

Guru (heavy)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Vata, Pitta

Prabhava

Habit

Deciduous Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple ovate 4-8 inch long, acuminate, entire
[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 12 inch brownish-yellow 5-20 Calyx campanulate, tomentose, 5-lobed and In small usually 3-flowered cymes arranged along the branches of a densely fulvous-tomentose panicle

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
ovoid 1.5-2.0 cm long sometimes with portion of attached pedicel, two seeded With hooked hairs {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The plant can succeed in very dry to wet areas in the tropics and subtropics, where it is found at elevations up to 2,100 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 34°c, but can tolerate 16 - 46°c[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

tropical semi-evergreen, sub-montane, moist teak forests.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links