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Gloriosa Superba - Flame lily, Agnimukhi

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Agnimukhi is a genus of 12 species in the plant family Colchicaceae and include the formerly recognised genus Littonia. They are native in tropical and southern Africa to Asia and naturalised in Australia and the Pacific as well as being widely cultivated.


Arthritis, gout, rheumatism, inflammation, ulcer, skin diseases, leprosy, snake bite, gonorrhoea, purgative, itching, infertility, abdominal pain.

Parts Used

flower, fruits.

Chemical Composition

Seed contain high level of colchicines. Cornigerine, 3-demethyl-N-formyl-N-deacetyl-b-lumicolchicine, 3-demethyl-g-lumicolchicine, 3-demethyl colchicines have been isolated from plant. b-sitosterol[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Agnisikhe, karadikanninagadde
Hindi bachnag, kadyanag
Malayalam Kithonni, Mendoni
Tamil Kallappai kilangu
Telugu Agnisikha
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Agnimukhi
English Glory Lily, Gloriosa lily


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata



Perennial Climber



Kind Shape Feature
Simple 4-25 cm long and 1.5-4.5 cm wide The leaves are alternately arranged along the stems, stalkless (i.e. sessile), and have entire margins



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 6 large and showy


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
large, fleshy 3-10 cm long and 1-2 cm wide turn from green to yellow and eventually dark brown as they mature These fruit contain numerous large red seeds single {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the lowland tropics and subtropics, where it can be found at elevations up to 600 metres, the plant has a clear preference for seasonal, monsoon climates with a pronounced dry season[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

tropical, sub-tropical, warmer temperate region.

Photo Gallery


External Links