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Gaultheria fragrantissima - Tailapatra

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Tailapatra, Gaultheria fragrantissima

Tailapatra, is an evergreen shrub, occasionally a small tree. It usually grows around 100 - 300cm tall, occasionally reaching 400cm. The plant is gathered from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and as a source of essential oil.


Rheumatism, Pain relief, Intestinal worms, Fever, Inflammation [1]

Parts Used

Oil, Leaves

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada gandhapoora mara, haemanth harithaa, maalaayi, moolai
Hindi gandapuro
Malayalam Kolakkattachedi
Tamil kolakkai
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit carmapatra, hemantaharita, nilaphala, swetapuspa, tailapatra
English Fragrant wintergreen



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Madhura (Sweet), Katu (Pungent)


Teekshna (Sharp), Snigdha (Oily)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Vata, Kapha






Kind Shape Feature
Simple alternate Leaves to 8 x 4 cm, elliptic, acute to obtuse at both ends, thick coriaceous, reddish gland dotted, aromatic, serrulate.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual racemes White 10 Racemes to 8 cm long in upper axils. Calyx 5 lobed, lobes 4 mm, triangular, margins hairy; corolla 5 mm wide, urceolate, tube 5 mm long, lobes 5, round, reflexed; stamens 10; ovary 3 mm wide.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 8 x 6 mm Cupular, blue with red stalk. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a moist but not boggy humus rich soil in shade or semi-shade. A peat and moisture loving species, it requires a lime-free soil. The seed requires a period of cold stratification. Pre-chill for 4 - 10 weeks and then surface sow in a lime-free compost in a shady area and keep the compost moist. The seed usually germinates well, usually within 1 - 2 months at 20°c. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Sub tropical area.

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