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Doronicum orientale - Leopard's bane, Arnica

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Arnica montana

Arnica is a genus of perennial plant in the sunflower family Asteraceae. The genus name Arnica may be derived from the Greek arni, lamb, in reference to the plants' soft, hairy leaves.

Uses

bruising, swelling, pain relief, arthritis, injuries.

Parts Used

Flowers head, Roots.

Chemical Composition

The main constituents of Arnica montana are essential oils, fatty acids, thymol, pseudoguaianolide sesquiterpene lactones and flavanone glycosides. Pseudoguaianolide sesquiterpenes constitute 0.2-0.8 % of the flower head of Arnica montana. They are the toxin helenalin and their fatty esters.[12] 2,5-Dimethoxy-p-cymene and thymol methyl ether are the primary components of essential oils from both the plant's roots and rhizomes[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada
Hindi
Malayalam
Tamil
Telugu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit
English Leopard's bane


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent), Mdhura (Sweet)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Tikshna (Sharp)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Perennial herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Alternate long-stalked Leaves: Alternate, basal leaves long-stalked, stem leaves 3–4, short-stalked–stalkless. Blade ovate, cordate based, basal indentation shallow, margin irregularly toothed
.[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 3–9 cm yellow Stamens 5 Flowers form 3–9 cm (1.2–3.6 in.) wide, single flower-like capitula surrounded by involucral bracts.Capitula solitary, terminating the stem

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Shallowly grooved achene with unbranched hairs on tip {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds.

How to plant/cultivate

The more common species of Aconitum are generally those cultivated in gardens, especially hybrids. They typically thrive in well-drained evenly moist garden soils like the related hellebores and delphiniums, and can grow in the shade of trees.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Trophical region.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links