Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Datura metel - Dhatura

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Dhatura, Datura metel

Dhatura is a toxic shrub that can be found growing on roadsides and wastelands. Although toxic, thorn apple is a popular traditional medicine and is commonly harvested from the wild for local use. It is sold in markets, both for traditional use and as a source of compounds for the pharmaceutical industry. The plant is also used as a pesticide and repellent. It is often grown as an ornamental in tropical to temperate areas of the world, particularly types with double flowers and purple flowers.

Uses

Inflammation, Skin disorders, Asthma, fever, Arthritis, Wound healing [1]

Parts Used

Root, Leaves, Flower, Seeds

Chemical Composition

Common names,

Language Common name
Kannada Biliyummatta, Dathuri, Datthoora, Unmatta
Hindi Dhattura,
Malayalam Mudela-nila-hummatu, ummattu
Tamil Unmattam, Vellaiyumattai,
Telugu Tella-ummetha, Duthooramu, Ummettha
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Dhatura, Dhurta, Ghantapuspa, Shivapriya
English Datura, Thorn apple

[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Laghu (Light). Rooksha (Dry)

Guna

Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple alternate Leaves entire or angled with acute lobes, c. 12 x 8 cm, ovate, base oblique, apex acute or acuminate; petiole to 6 cm long. Flowers solitary in axil, erect; pedicels 1-1.5 cm long. Calyx 6-8 cm long, tubular, 5-lobed, minutely pubescent

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual axillary Creamy white 5 Corolla creamy-white, c. 15 cm long, funnel-shaped; teeth 5, cuspidate. Stamens 5, attached towards the base of corolla tube, included, subequal; filaments hairy at base

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A capsule 3 cm spherical, covered with short spines, dehiscence irregular. Seeds compressed, c. 5 mm long, smooth, brown. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a rich light sandy soil and an open sunny position[200]. Grows best in a fertile calcareous soil. This species is extremely susceptible to the various viruses that afflict the potato family (Solanaceae), it can act as a centre of infection so should not be grown near potatoes or tomatoes. Can be grown from seed. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery

References

External Links