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Cynodon dactylon - Dhurva

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Doorwa, Cynodon dactylon

Cynodon dactylon is a short-lived, prostrate, perennial grass. It is creeps along the ground and roots wherever a node touches the ground. The erect or ascending culms are generally 5 - 45cm long. The plant has a wide range of uses. Occasionally employed as a food, it is commonly used for a wide variety of medicinal purposes.

Uses

Wound healing, Conjunctivitis, Bleeding disorders, Skin diseases, Scorpion bite [1]

Parts Used

{Parts Used|Leaves}}

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Ambate, Ambate hullu, Balli garike, Doorve, Garike, Garike hullu
Hindi Dhub, Dobri, Dru
Malayalam Beli-caraga, Karuka, Karukappullu
Tamil Rugam pullu, Arugam-pillu, Arugampillu, Arugampul, Arugampullu
Telugu Garika gaddi, Garike, Gariki-gaddi, Gerichagadd
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Amrita, Ananta, Anuvallika, Asitalata, Bahucirya, Bhargavi, Dhurva, Mahaushadi, Mahavari, Mangala, Nanda, Niladurva, Sahsravirya, Shiveshta
English Bermuda grass

[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Madhura (Sweet), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Laghu (Light)

Veerya

Sheeta (cold)

Vipaka

Madhura (Sweet)

Karma

Pitta, Kapha

Prabhava

Habit

Herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves 1-10 x 0.1-0.5 cm, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, glaucous; sheaths keeled; ligules fimbriate, membranous.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Terminal spikes 3 Inflorescence of terminal, digitate 3-4 spikes; spikes 1-sided, oblong to 5 cm long.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Caryopsis 1 mm Linear {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a warm sunny position in a well-drained soil. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area

Photo Gallery

References

External Links