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Cynodon dactylon - Dhurva

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Doorwa, Cynodon dactylon

Doorwa, Cynodon dactylon is a short-lived, prostrate, perennial grass that creeps along the ground and roots wherever a node touches the ground, quickly forming a dense mat. The erect or ascending culms are generally 5 - 45cm long, occasionally to 130 cm. The plant has a wide range of uses. Occasionally employed as a food, it is commonly used for a wide variety of medicinal purposes.


Wound healing, Conjunctivitis, Bleeding disorders, Skin diseases, Scorpion bite [1]

Parts Used

{Parts Used|Leaves}}

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ambate, ambate hullu, balli garike, doorve, garike, garike hullu
Hindi dhub, dobri, dru
Malayalam beli-caraga, karuka, karukappullu
Tamil rugam pullu, arugam-pillu, arugampillu, arugampul, arugampullu
Telugu garika gaddi, garike, gariki-gaddi, gerichagadd
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit amrita, ananta, anuvallika, asitalata, bahucirya, bhargavi, dhurva, mahaushadi, mahavari, mangala, nanda, niladurva, sahsravirya, shiveshta
English Bermuda grass



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light)


Sheeta (cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Pitta, Kapha






Kind Shape Feature
Simple alternate Leaves 1-10 x 0.1-0.5 cm, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, glaucous; sheaths keeled; ligules fimbriate, membranous.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Terminal spikes 3 Inflorescence of terminal, digitate 3-4 spikes; spikes 1-sided, oblong to 5 cm long. Spikelets sessile, 2-3 mm long, oblong-lanceolate, laterally compressed, 1-flowered. Lower glume 1.5-2 x 0.5 mm, lanceolate, chartaceous,1-nerved; upper glume c. 2 x 0.5 mm, lanceolate, chartaceous, 1-nerved; lemma 2-3 x 1.5-2 mm, boat-shaped, ovate-oblong when spread, keeled; palea 2-2.5 x 0.5-1 mm, boat-shaped or oblong when spread, chartaceous. Stamens 3; anthers 1-1.5 mm long. Ovary c. 0.5 mm long, oblong; stigmas 0.5-1 mm long, pink.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Caryopsis 1 mm Linear {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a warm sunny position in a well-drained soil. The plant can grow in very diverse conditions of soil and moisture, withstanding drought well and also tending to eliminate other plants. It spreads quite rapidly, rooting at the nodes, becoming difficult to eradicate and can be a serious weed in cultivated land. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area

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