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Crateva religiosa - Varuna

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Varuna, Crateva religiosa

Varuna, Crateva religiosa is a small spreading tree with trifoliate leaves that emit a pungent smell when bruised. This herb is in use since the time of the Vedas.


Improves digestion strength, Cardiac disorders, Paralysis, Blood disorders, Kidney stones, Headache ,Migraine. [1]

Parts Used

Root, Leaves, Stem, Flowers

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada bilapatri, hoddelenage, holenekki, mavalanga, mavilinga, narave, narumbala, narumbele, neervaala mara
Hindi barna, vaivarno
Malayalam killi, neervala, niramathalam, niravila, nirmatalam
Tamil Adhicharam, adhimalam, narvala, mavilankai, mavilankam, mavilanku
Telugu chinnaulimidi, magalingamu, maaredu, mogalingam
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit tikta-shaka, varuna, kumaraka, marutapaha
English Sacred Barna, Garlic pear tree



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Vata and Kapha



Medium sized tree



Kind Shape Feature
Trifoliate alternate Leaves alternate, digitately trifoliate; rachis 4-12 cm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; petiolule 4-7 mm long, slender; leaflets 10-20 x 3.5-6 cm, unequal, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or broadly elliptic, base acute, or subacute, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 9-15 pairs, slender, parallel, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Terminal corymbs White-yellow many pedicel to 5 cm long. Sepals 4, 3 mm long, free, oblong, adnate to the lobed disc. Petals 4, ca. 2 cm long, creamy white, often tinged with purple, long-clawed, obovate. Disc incurved, nectariferous. Stamens many, free, longer than the petals, inserted at the base of gynophore; anthers basifixed, filaments spreading. Gynophore 4-5 cm long at anthesis, slender; ovary superior, ellipsoid, 1-[2]-celled, ovules many; stigma sessile, capitate.Flowering and fruiting is from March to May


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A berry 4-5 x 2.5-3.5 cm Fruit globose or ovoid, yellowish-grey, rind woody, scurfy seeds brown, embedded in pulp. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Seeds from ripe fruit have to be planted immediately as they lose viability quickly. Cuttings of semi-woody stems can also be planted. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

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