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Colocasia esculenta - Aaluki, Green Taro

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Aaluki, Keshavanagadde, Taro

Aaluki or Taro commonly refers to the plant Colocasia esculenta, the most widely cultivated species of several plants in the Araceae family which are used as vegetables for their corm, leaves, and petioles. Thus, this article describes the "dasheen" form of taro; another variety of taro is known as eddoe or Colocasia antiquorum. Other species of taro include giant taro (Alocasia macrorrhizos), swamp taro (Cyrtosperma merkusii), and arrowleaf elephant's ear (Xanthosoma sagittifolium).


Ear ache , Otorrhoea, Internal hemorrhages, Inflamed glands, Buboes, Asthma, Piles, Diarrhea

Parts Used

Leaves, Stem.

Chemical Composition

The bioactive constituents and antioxidant activities of raw, fried and decoctions of cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta) tubers were investigated. The raw form contained considerable amounts of proximates, phytochemicals, minerals, vitamins, amylose, amylopectin and antioxidants (determined from carotenoid, reducing power and 2,2 diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assays)[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kesavedantu, Keshavanagadde
Hindi Arvi, Ashukachu
Malayalam Chempu, Chempakizhanna
Tamil Sempu, shamakkilangu
Telugu Chamadumpa, Chamagadda
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
English Taro, cocoyam, Green taro


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Evergreen Perennial



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Non-Palm Foliage (Cordate) Foliar Venation is Pinnate / Net and Foliar Margin is Entire - Wavy / Undulate



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 4-10cm long Yellow / Golden 5-10 Flower Grouping is Cluster / Inflorescence and Inflorescence Type is Spathe & Spadix


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Round clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown With hooked hairs {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Taro is a plant of the moist to humid tropics, where it can be grown at elevations up to 2,700 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 21 - 28°c, but can tolerate 10 - 35°c[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Trophical areas, Humid region.

Photo Gallery


External Links