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Cocos nucifera - Coconut tree

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Tender coconut

The Cocos nucifera is a member of the family Arecaceae palm family and the only species of the genus Cocos. The term coconut can refer to the whole coconut palm or the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. The spelling cocoanut is an archaic form of the word.


Ring worms, Cuts, Candidiasis, Psoriasis, Skin burns, Sunburns, Toothache, Dandruff, Baldness[1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots, stems.

Chemical Composition

Per 100 g, the kernel is reported to contain 36.3 g H2O 4.5 g protein, 41.6 g fat, 13.0 g total carbohydrate, 3.6 g fiber, 1.0 g ash, 10 mg Ca, 24 mg P, 1.7 mg Fe, and traces of beta-carotene[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Tengina kayi, tengu
Hindi Nariya
Malayalam Thengu
Tamil Tennai
Telugu Kobbari chettu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
English Coconut


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (Heavy), Snigda (unctuous)


Sheeta (cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Vata, Pitta






Kind Shape Feature
Simple lanceolate The leaves, from 4 to 6 m long, are pinnate; they consist of linear-lanceolate, more or less recurved, rigid, bright green leaflets



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Yellow 6 female flowers are borne basally, male flowers at apex. Flowers bear lanceolate petals, 6 stamens and an ovary consisting of 3 connate carpelst


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
big as a man’s head 4-8 cm thick mesocarp and a woody endocarp; as it is rather light, it can be carried long distances by water while keeping its germinability for a long time smooth, grey-brownish epicarp single {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Coconuts grow well in lowland tropical regions as far as 26° north and south of the Equator and up to a maximum elevation of around 1,000 metres. Fresh seed germinates readily. The seed has no dormancy, and growth of the embryo and seedling is continuous. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical seashores, Alluvial plains, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


External Links