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Clerodendrum indicum - Bharangi, Tubeflower

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Clerodendrum indicum

Clerodendrum indicum is a semideciduous, perennial plant with stems that are sometimes herbaceous but more often become woody, with the plant adopting the habit of a shrub or a small tree. Growing from an aggressively suckering, stoloniferous rootstock, the plant can be up to 3 metres tall, the stems usually very straight or arching, mostly unbranched, hollow.


Asthma, Skin problems, Coughs, Syphilitic rheumatism, Abdominal tumors, Tuberculosis, Chronic respiratory disorder, Jaundice, Disorder of liver, Joint pain, Headache, Worm infetsation, Digestive fire.

Parts Used

Seeds, stem, leaves, Root.

Chemical Composition

It contains Four triterpenoids, nine steroids and steroid glycosides and two flavonoids were isolated from the roots of Clerodendrum indicum, whereas three triterpenoids, six steroids and steroid glycosides and one phenylethanoid glycoside.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada angaravalli, baaleya, bangaali bhaarangi
Hindi barangi, chingari
Malayalam cerutekku
Tamil isangu, kavalai, kovalai, narivalai
Telugu bhaarangi, bharangi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit bhargi, bharangi, brahmanyastika, phangi
English Tubeflower, Turk's-Turban, Sky Rocket, Bowing Lady


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.












Kind Shape Feature
Paripinnate Oblong Leaf Arrangementis Alternate-spiral



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long pink Flowering throughout the year and In terminal and/or axillary pseudoracemes


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
oblong pod Thinly septate, pilose, wrinkled seeds upto 5 Fruiting throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Root cuttings

How to plant/cultivate

Succeeds in a moderately to very sunny position in ordinary garden soil[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical region, Temperate region, Hammocks.

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