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Citrus medica linn - Maatulunga

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Maatulunga, Citrus medica

Maatulunga, Citron is a straggly, evergreen shrub or small tree growing up to 4 metres tall. It is considered to be a delicate plant and the most tender of the cultivated Citrus species.


Cough and cold, Excessive thirst, Indigestion, Constipation, Inflammation, Abdominal colic pain [1]

Parts Used

Fruit, Root

Chemical Composition

The peel contains coumarins, limettin, scoparone, scopoletin and umbelliferon; besides nobiletin, limonin diosmin, beta-sitosterol and beta-Dglucoside. The roots contain campesterol, stigmasterol, sitosterol and cholesterol. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada daeva maadala, maada vaala, maadala, maathu langa, mahaaphala
Hindi limbu, narangi, neembu
Malayalam Ganapathi-naragam, Kottanaranga, Madulungam
Tamil elumichai, karuncalikam, narattai
Telugu beeja pooramu, dabba chettu, lungamu, maadiphalamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit maha-jambirakaruna, mahnimbu, matalunga, matunga, vanabijapura
English Citron



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Amla (Sour), Madhura (Sweet)


Laghu (Light), Snigdha (Unctuous)


Ushna (Hot)


Amla (Sour)


Vata, Kapha






Kind Shape Feature
Simple alternate spines axillary, stout, sharp, ca 3.5 cm long. Leaves alternate, simple, variable, obtuse at base, crenate at margin, acute at apex, 10-18 x 3-9 cm, glabrous; petioles 8-10 mm long, not winged or jointed above.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary racemes White 35-40 Calyx urceolate, 4-lobed; lobes ca 3.5 mm long. Petals 4, oblong, 2-4 x ca 1 cm, purplish. Stamens 35-40; filaments polyadelphous, short-pubescent, white; anthers linear, 4.5-5 mm long, yellowish. Ovary cylindric, ca 8 x 4 mm, 12-loculed; style cylindric, 10-15 mm long, purplish; stigma globose, sticky.


{{Fruit|A berry, ovoid-oblong|10-20 x 6-14 cm|yellowish; seeds numerous, ca 10 x 5 mm, smooth|

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Citron trees are grown readily from cuttings taken from branches 2 to 4 years old and quickly buried deeply in soil without defoliation. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

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