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Citrus maxima - Mallikapuspa

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Pomelo, Mallikapuspa

Citrus maxima is a citrus fruit with the appearance of a big grapefruit and it is native to South and Southeast Asia.

Uses

Ulcers, Cough, Dyspepsia, Painful swellings, Diabetes, Malaria, Urinary flow, Diarrhea, Sore throats

Parts Used

Leaves, Flowers, Fruits, Rind

Chemical Composition

The root-bark contains beta-sitosterol and acridone alkaloids. It also contains several coumarins. The alkaloids and coumarins show antimicrobial acitivity. The essential oil from the leaves and unripe fruits contain 20% limonin, 30% nerolol, 40% nerolyl acetate and 3% geraniol.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada
Hindi
Malayalam
Tamil
Telugu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit
English Shaddock, pomelo


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Amla (sour), Madhura (Sweet)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Snigda (heavy)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Amla (sour)

Karma

Vata, Kapha

Prabhava

Habit

Evergreen tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple ovate-elliptic Sparsely pubescent to glabrous on the lower surface

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 16-24 Flowers large, pedicel pubescent

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
globose 13-17 cm Pulp yellow or pink-crimson, pulp vesicles lax, acid or slightly bitter With hooked hairs Seeds ridged {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Three main climates are suitable for commercial citrus production - tropical climates[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area, Temperate region.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links