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Citrus limon - Bijapuraka, Jambira

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Lemon,Jambira

Citrus limon is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae and it is native to Asia.

Uses

common cold, cough, cancer , kidney stone, systolic blood pressure, acid reflux, gastritis, arthritis, gouty diathesis

Parts Used

Leaves, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

All parts of the plants of citrus sp. contain coumarins and psoralins. The fruits contain flavonoids and limonoids. The flavonoids comprise three main groups—flavanones, flavones and 3-hydroxyflavylium (anthocyanins); flavanones being predominantly followed by flavones and anthocyanins. Bitter flavonoids do not occur in lemon and lime. Lemon juice is a richer source of antiscorbutic vitamin (contains 40–50 mg/100 g of vitamin C) than lime, and a fair source of carotene and vitamin B. Volatile oil (about 2.5% of the peel) consists of about 75% limonene, alpha-and beta-pinenes, alpha-terpinene and citral. The fruit juice also contains coumarins and bioflavonoids.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Nimbe hannu
Hindi Nimbu,Nilbu
Malayalam
Tamil Elumichai
Telugu Nimma pandu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit NA
English ALime or Sour lime


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Amla (sour)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Tikshna (Sharp)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Amla (sour)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple ovate margin of leaves are conspicuously crenulate

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 2-4cm long pale yellow 5 Flowers solitary or several in fascicles

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
ellipsoid to ovoid 7–10 mm Fruits are yellow, ellipsoid to ovoid, narrowed at both ends, surface usually coarse and lemon scented apex acute Seeds ovoid {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[3]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Citrus trees should be planted in a sunny and wind-protected area[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area, Temperate area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links