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Cissus quadrangularis - Asthisamharaka

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Cissus quadrangularis, Asthisamharaka

Asthisamharaka is a perennial plant of the Grape family. It is also known as veldt grape, devil's backbone, adamant creeper, cissus quadrangularis, hadjod and pirandai. The plant grows throughout India, especially, in gotter regions and in Sri Lanka.

Uses

Bone Fracture, Low bone mineral density, Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis, Joint pains, Hyperuricemia, diarrhea, Rickets, Obesity, Internal Bleeding, Hemorrhoid, Improve Digestion, Syphilis, Menorrhagia, Pyorrhea[1]

Parts Used

Stem.

Chemical Composition

Two new iridoids 6-O-[2,3-dimethoxy]-trans-cinnamoyl catalpol and 6-O-meta-methoxy-benzoyl catalpol along with a known iridoid picroside 1, two stilbenes quadrangularin A and pallidol, quercitin, quercitrin, beta-sitosterol and beta-sitosterol glycoside were isolated from Cissus quadrangularis Linn.

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Saduballi
Hindi Harshankar
Malayalam changalam paranda
Tamil pindai, perandai
Telugu nalleru
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Asthisamharaka
English Veld Grape


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Madhura (Sweet)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Scandent shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
simple Ovate-suborbicular to reniform Leaf Apex is Round, Leaf Base is Round and Leaf Margin is Serrate

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
umbellate cymes 10–15 cm long greenish-yellow, red tipped Flowering throughout the year

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A globose berry fruit is apiculate and green turning red when ripe seed smooth Fruiting throughout the year {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of drier to arid regions, mainly in the lowland tropics and frost-free subtropics, though it can also be found at elevations over 2,000 metres[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

lowland tropics, frost-free subtropics.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links