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Cestrum nocturnum - Parijata

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Parijata

Cestrum nocturnum is an evergreen shrub growing up to 3.5 metres tall.The plant is widely cultivated in the tropics and subtropics, mainly as an ornamental and hedge plan.

Uses

tumour growth, Cuts, Snakebites, Curing liver disorders, Skin eruptions, Blotches, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats

Parts Used

Husk, Leaves, Flower.

Chemical Composition

n-Hexane extract, Soxhlet, MeOH (101), Evaporated under reduced pressure.Methanol extract[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada
Hindi Rat ki rani
Malayalam
Tamil
Telugu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit
English Night-blooming cestrum


Habit

Evergreen Shrub

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple 4"-8" long It blooms in cycles throughout warm weather and Vine-like stems reach up to 12' in its native habitat

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Greenish-creamy 5 Although the flowers are not showy to the eye

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
7–10 mm (0.28–0.4 in.) long pome clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown With hooked hairs {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The mature plant is hardy to about -4°c, but without protection, the new growth is likely to be killed at around 1°c[2]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropics, Subtropics, Ornamental and hedge plant.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links